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Lecture 7

CRM/LAW C7 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Clarence Darrow, Anomie, Determinant


Department
Criminology, Law and Society
Course Code
CRM/LAW C7
Professor
Terry Dalton
Lecture
7

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All Material - Social Control, Multiplicative Nature of Crime, Reducing Crime Opportunities,
Bogira Ch. 12-13
Judge Locallo makes a bet with another judge about who sends the most defendants to boot camp
--Diversion for juvenile offenders (military-like; exposure to real life situations; not successful)
When author tells the judge about Bates daughter being drowned by mother, he is sympathetic
and says he would’ve ordered drug treatments sooner
Locallo’s past about brother Victor: committing suicideLocallo states his brother didn’t have
the same opportunities as the rest of the kids—he wasn’t smart, intelligent
Determinant theories of crime - Clarence Darrow
1924 Leopold and Loeb case
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Late 1800sBorn as a criminal(?); physical characteristics; psychopaths
Early 1900sSocietal problems lead to criminal activity
Historic PPT
Middle Ages (500-1700s) Criminal Justice System
--Superstition and fear of possession
-Europe: persecuted witchcraft in 16th and 17th century (Trial by ordealswimming a
witch)
Not a crime, its an act against God
Followed by more contemporary theories
Crime comes from
individual
late 1800s
Crime comes from
social context
early 1900s
Crime comes from
both individual
AND social context
1980s
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Rational Choice
Utilitarian belief that people reasonably weigh the costs and benefits and act accordingly
Decision & choices are made in light of each person’s self interest
Crimes are purposeful and deliberate
Crime scripts
Focus on CHOICE
Problem: Do all people act rationally; is everyone equally capable of rational thought?
Self-Control
Lack of self-control is the main reason there is crime
Low levels of self-control are associated with impulsive, deviant acts
Parents are the main source of variation in individual’s levels of self-control
Everyone capable of crime
Intervention in childhood has greatest promise
Don’t incapacitate or try to rehabilitate adults
Rational
Choice
Self-
Control
Life
Course
Institutional
-Anomie
General
Strain
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