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Lecture 2

CRM/LAW C7 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Sociological Perspectives, Puritans, Honda Integra


Department
Criminology, Law and Society
Course Code
CRM/LAW C7
Professor
Terry Dalton
Lecture
2

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Week 2 Material
LAW & JUSTICE
Sociological Perspectives
Social Institutions
Family
Law
Education
Religion
Economy
Politics
How does law influence these other social institutions? 3 people studied that…
Max Weber (born 1864) wanted to understand how the world changed from hierarchical world of
lords & peasants mostly concerned with afterlife to the current
These changes meant people were secure in certain binding rules
How was decision making process employed to either accelerate or retard modernization
(what he called rationalization)
Rational legal procedures rely on logic; non-rational on mysticism, faith, or superstition
Legal decision making then runs the continuum
Substantive irrationality Formal irrationality substantive rationality formal rationality
Case by case
Example: Syllabus & cheating
Emile Durkheim (born 1858) studied the effects of the division of labor on social solidarity (the
degree to which people felt an emotional sense of belonging to a group)
When collective conscience becomes weaker there is a lessening of moral outrage leading
to more humanitarian forms of justice
Example: Puritans Scarlet Letter
Both Weber & Durkheim were consensus sociologists (theorists) studying how society is
structured to maintain stability… VERSUS …Conflict theorists – society is composed of
individuals & groups with sharply different interests and is characterized by conflict &
dissent
Karl Marx (born 1888) + Engels ascribe to conflict views
Conflict is always settled in favor of the ruling class of any society, even if it looks like,
at times, other segments benefit
View society split between rulers and ruled
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