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Lecture 81

EURO ST 10 Lecture Notes - Lecture 81: Aria, Dialectic, Francisco Goya


Department
European Studies
Course Code
EURO ST 10
Professor
John Smith
Lecture
81

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Professor Smith
Europe Studies 10
Course Code: 24000
4 units
2018 Fall Quarter
Lecture
Empress Joseph the second
1741-1790
Maria Theresa’s son
Marie Antoinette’s brother
A strong supporter of the Freemasons
Mozart’s patron
...too many notes...”
Enlightened as challenge/Challenge as enlightenment Recall Kant’s dare
What must the characters go through?
Tamino’s and Papagenos initial tests (e.g., silence, self-restraint)
Are they coded in any way?
Pamina, too, must show resolve in first “losing” Tamino
The trials” of fire and water
Pamino and Tamina’s triumph over challenges (enlightenment)
Triumph! You noble pair! You have overcome the danger! You are now
consecrated to Isis! Come, enter the temple!
My point is that these challenges” or initiations” (recall the Masons) are
presented playfully in the opera, but they symbolize or stage a crucial idea of the
enlightenment
Man (and woman?) must step out of self-incurred tutelage and become
mature, have a voice, be mundig
Papageno’s limited enlightenment
Papageno’s suicide attempt
Papageno and Papagena
Why does he get his girl after all?
Why is it relevant that he was willing to commit suicide?
In order to take the first step out of his “state of nature
He (human beings) must also be willing to give up nature/life
We saw him earlier too attached to “natural things (food, wine, talk) to deal with
the challenge
Here he is willing to give up all these things
And so he gets “rewarded” at a higher level
A triumphant or problematic conclusion?
What does the finale symbolize?
What happens to the opposing forces?
What happens to the others” (the queen, the ladies, monostatos)?
Absolute triumph of enlightenment and banishment of the others” (into darkness)
Oppositional thinking
Return to the Sarastro’s aria
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