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Lecture 16

EURO ST 10 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: From Chaos, René Descartes, Religious War

European Studies
Course Code
John Smith

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Professor Smith
Europe Studies 10
Course Code: 24000
4 units
2018 Fall Quarter
Course Notes
From Chaos to Order and Certainty in Mid-17th Century Europe
The Treaties of Westphalia and Rene Descartes
The Thirty Years War
Tell me what you know (also via Grimelshausen)
Religious war between catholics and protestants
Many phases as different countries chimed in; political as much as religious
Extreme violence, suffering of the common people
Back and forth of victories and defeats between the sides; played out on
“German” soil
Social upheaval and change (“Tree of the Estates”)
We should care because…
…it can be argued that this war created the conditions of key features of
modernity: it’s social, political, and religious disruption/instability contributed to
the downfall of the medieval order
Also the conditions for a “new individual” (as presented in the new genre of the
“picaresque” and the novel)
The end of religious wars contributed to the rise of the secular nation-state system
that dominates the modern world (not just in the west)
The Peace
Negotiated over four years from 1644-1648
Two treaties, one between (Protestant) Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire at
Osnabruck and one between (Catholic) France and the HRE at Munster
A transition from a period of chaos to one of stability and order
New relations between states, between religions, and between the state and
The Treaty
The envoys signing the Treaty of Munster
By Ter Bosch
How to have peace?
1. Proclamation of “a christian and universal peace, and a perpetual, true, and
sincere amity...”
2. “A perpetual oblivion, amnesty, or pardon of all that has been committed since
the beginning of these troubles...”
Any Echoes of more contemporary events?
The long road to reconciliation between the US and Vietnam, and between former
south and north vietnam
South african “truth and reconciliation”
Possibilities in the middle east?
Colombia’s attempts to end its civil war with the rebel forces of FARC
Some Passages
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