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Lecture 26

EURO ST 10 Lecture 26: Euro 10 Studies Lecture Notes


Department
European Studies
Course Code
EURO ST 10
Professor
John Smith
Lecture
26

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Professor Smith
Europe Studies 10
Course Code: 24000
4 units
2018 Fall Quarter
Course Notes
Our Trajectory continued…
From instability to stability, uncertainty to certainty…
The case of philosophy?
(descartes)
The case of Italy and politics?
What can you tell me about Italy?
...about the role of the church (in politics)? (no separation of “earthly” and
“spiritual”)
...about the political structures?
(city states; republics and principalities; at war with each other, also with
foreign powers)
...about dynastic families?
(medicis, borgias, etc.)
...about new ideas in the air?
(humanism, arts)
Luther on Rome?
Worse than Babylon, Sodom and Gomorrah, etc
How did Luther’s theology respond to the kind of power exercised by the church?
(“Two Kingdoms Theory; religion is about salvation, governments are about
ruling on earth)
What are ecclesiastical” states?
Chapter 11
On the one hand, they also have their difficulties”; on the other, sustained by
the ancient ordinances of religion...”
Machiavelli gives us a history lesson…
And some hints at how to maintain power…
(For example, play powers off each other)
(Pope Julius found new ways to raise money?!)
There’s a historical irony here around 1513-1527
Irony: he concludes with a reference to the power of Leo X!
Shortly after writing this, Luther writes to him and there is the schism in this
ancient ordinance!
A future irony?
Machiavelli clearly did not call for the separation of religious/spiritual and
secular/earthly powers
But in the long run, did Luther’s radical separation of them lead to the spread of
Machiavellian politics”?
How so?
The secular political realm was left on its own, isolated from “spiritual” concerns
Politics can become a pure power struggle…
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