Week 3 IDS.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of California - Irvine
Emily Rosenberg

Committee on Public Information during World War I What: • An independent agency of the government of the US • Created to influence US public opinion regarding American participation in WWI • 1917 to 1919 • Create enthusiasm for the war effort and enlist public support against foreign attempts to undercut America’s wartime • Under President Woodrow Wilson; established through Executive Order 2594 in 1917 • Used newsprint, newspapers, radio, telegraph, cable and movies to broadcast message • Recruited over 75,000 volunteers • Disestablished in 1919 by Wilson Significance: • Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917 and 1918 What • 1917: individuals from expressing or publishing opinions that would interfere with the U.S. military’s efforts to defeat Germany and its allies • 1918: illegal to write or speak anything critical of American involvement of the war Significance • Treaty of Versailles What • One of the peace treaties at the end of WWI, ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers; signed in 1919 Significance • Germany accepted responsibility for causing the war • Pay reparations to certain countries that had formed Entente powers (442 billion US dollars) • Deprived Germany of some of its territory and all of its overseas possessions • Called to have started WWII League of Nations What • Intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended WWI • Mission to maintain world peace • Preventing wards through security and disbarment • Settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration • United Nations replaced it at the end of WWII Significance • Made a foundation for United Nations Post World War I “Red Scare” What • Promotion of fear of potential rise of communism • Followed the Bolshevik Russian Revolution of 1917 • People were scared a Bolshevik scare will happen in the US and change Church, home, marriage, civility, and the American way of life • Scare died around 1920 Spring Significance • “Red hunting” was nation obsession • Hysteria in the country • Many teachers and professors were blamed as being communists and unpatriotic • 32 states made it illegal to display the red flag of communism Xenophobia What • Fear or hatred towards foreigners • 1800s to early 1900s – xenophobia towards Italians, Poles, European Jews • Chinese Exclusion Act is an example – limit the number of immigrants from China Significance • Opposition against cultural pluralism and immigration • Many immigrant were treated unfairly Immigrant Restriction Act of 1924 What • Limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country • Aimed at further restriction the Southern and Eastern Europeans and Jews were migrated from Poland or Russia • Middle Easterners, East Asians, and Indians • Wanted to preserve the ideal of American homogeneity Significance • Against immigration and cultural pluralism Ku Klux Klan What • An organization that advocated extreme white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti- immigration • Emerged after WWII was opposed the Civil Rights movement • Inflicted violence on blacks, lynchings • Saw Americans as AngeloSaxon and wanted to rid of anyone nonwhite • Secret society in the nation • People feared them Significance • Played a huge opposition role in the Civil Rights movement “100% Americanism” What • After WWI, deep feelings of patriotism and anti-German sentiment • Celebrated all things American • Attacked ideas and people that was viewed as foreign or Anti-American Significance • Immigrant newspapers closed • Many immigrants applied for citizenship • War blocked return to come countries because they believed non-American
More Less

Related notes for HISTORY 40A

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.