Week 5 Questions.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of California - Irvine
Emily Rosenberg

1. “World War II highlighted discrimination withinAmerican life and prompted calls for greater equality of opportunity.” Discuss this statement. (You may want to draw on examples related to the effects of “repatriation” of Mexican and Filipino laborers during the 1930s, patterns of wartime employment, urban tension such as the “Zoot Suit riots,” internment of people of Japanese descent, the efforts of the Office of War information, the FEPC, etc) There was heavy discrimination during WWII since there was pressure to keep out enemies, who could be seen as any people of color. Examples of the discrimination include the lack of Hispanic and black workers during WWII. The internment of Japanese americans for ‘national security’enraged the Japanese, who were unfairly treated and interned in dire conditions without any proof of wrongdoing. The internment of Japanese led to discrimination of them, as they were now seen as the common enemy and posters and propaganda plagued the west coast (mainly CA), demonizing the Japanese, who were american citizens. Furthermore, FDR refused to lift the law of segregation in the army, which further prejudiced blacks. The zoot suit riots was the peak of racial tension as white and black minors fought for days at an amusement park in Detroit, june 1943. 2. How did mobilizing for war transform theAmerican economy, the employment patterns in its labor force, and the role of government? During WWII, the federal bureaucracy grew four times in size in order to handle the new demands that the war brought. The war effort relied on economic mobilization in the states and allowed for government, financial institutions, and the labor force to heal because of the immense contribution of the war costs. With the growth of the bureaucracy came the increase of importance of the government’s role in the economy. For example, many different departments oversaw economic transactions and helped stabilize the economy. The Office of PriceAdministration regulated prices to control inflation and stabilize the dollar. The increase of government intervention in the economy correlated with the New Deal agenda. The war also helped expand the labor force because of the new industry sectors it helped create, like the arms industry. The economy gained success and GNP rose by 15% each year. The labor force also saw an increase in women workers, and the war helped women gain independence as they were able to participate in the labor force because of the demand for workers. Blacks and Mexicans also had opportunities never offered before and therefore changed the demographics of the workforce. FDR also expanded the gov’s role when he created the second bill of rights which ensured americans the right to employment, healthcare, food&shelter, education. This bill correlated with the increasing governmental role since it would require many social and economic programs to make it a reality. 3. The war was fought in the name of preserving “TheAmerican Way of Life” but this goal could have many meanings. Discuss some of the debates over what constituted “TheAmerican Way of Life.” Roosevelt’s administration askedAmericans to protect the ‘american way of life’. One of the tenants that this ‘life’was based upon was the benefits of freedom, and Roosevelt pressured advertisers to promote this ideal.Advertisements mainly promoted c
More Less

Related notes for HISTORY 40A

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.