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Lecture 11

HISTORY 70F Lecture 11: Buddhist Healing

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History 70F Lecture 11 Buddhist Healing Buddhist Philosophy • SiddharththGautama (Shakyamuni) o 5 century BC o Luxury  asceticism  moderation ▪ Lived a life of luxury and at 29 decided to go on 4 trips to the outside world. 1. Comes to face with old age, illness, and death 2. Comes to the conclusion that everyone in the world experiences sufferingth o 4 trip he comes across a monk who lives a life of extreme asceticism and decides to pursue this life to find a way to escape suffering ▪ after doing this, decides that it is through a life of moderation that we escape suffering • Different Buddhist sects • Shared concepts o Samsara – the continuous cycle of birth, death, and rebirth ▪ Characterized by suffering 1. Inevitable and inescapable o Karma – every action has an effect o Nirvana – the ultimate state of existent where you are finally freed from samsara ▪ Free from suffering and pain ▪ Four Noble Truths 1. Everyone suffers 2. We are the cause of our own suffering 3. We can end our suffering 4. How to end suffering – by following the 8 Fold Path o Be a good person Buddhism in China • First Buddhist texts: 65 AD o Mainly used by members of the elite • Rising popularity – why? o Fall of Han (220) ▪ Similar to how Daoism gained popularity ▪ Questioning efficacy of Confucianism o Six Dynasties (220-589) o Tang Dynasty (618-907) ▪ Buddhism reaches apex of popularity ▪ Becomes state religion ▪ Expansion of monasteries and clergy ▪ Travel between India & China • Problem of translation o Daoist and Confucian influence ▪ Chinese translators borrowed heavily from the language of Daoism and Confucianism ▪ Buddhism was being altered as it went to China • Building upon indigenous philosophies The Body in Buddhism • Four elements – make the body o Earth, water, fire, air (like Empedocles) ▪ Solidity, fluidity, heat, motion ▪ Buddhist understanding of the four elements are seen as more abstract categories than Empedocles who saw it as more physical. • Ex. Earth refers to everything solid rather than actual dirt • Cau
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