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Lecture 29

HISTORY 36B Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Pederasty In Ancient Greece, Sophist, Moral Relativism

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Austin Maldanado
Professor Brusuelas
History 36 B
**Chapter 7 page 303 to Chapter 8
**Key Terms: page 323 (but only the last 2 columns on the right page), Page 367
Chapter 7 Key Topics/Issues
a. Greek Education (lecture slide 16, textbook 303-310)
i. Most education was “informal” - greek states did not provide public schools
1. Girls and boys learned both societal and work skills/roles from parents or
older educated slaves
2. Roles/skills largely dependent on the circumstances of the family (poor,
farmer, business, wealthy)
a. Upbringings of the two sexes was designed to cultivate very
different skill sets for males and females, this was most noticeable
in upper classes as poor children of both sexes were likely to learn
farming and crafting skills from parents
3. To run a household/accounts, girls as well as boys could be taught the
basic reading/writing skills required
a. Equality amongst gender in this regard
b. After marriage, a woman might also be educated in this context
4. Most of the population was illiterate
ii. Mentors
1. Older man/younger boy mentor/mentee relationship was very common
a. Boys would receive a social/intellectual/political education
b. Erotic/sexual relationship between the older man (erastes) and the
younger boy (eromenos) both common and socially accepted
c. However the intellectual/spiritual bond was supposed to supersede
the sexual (this relationship based solely on the sexual side was
frowned upon)
d. This bond between the mentor and mentee shored up the stability
of society by encouraging each generation to imitate the one that
had gone before
iii. Formal Education
1. Tutors were available to instruct children (mostly boys) in mousike -
having to do with the muses”
a. Memorization of poetry
i. Ancient poems often sung
b. How to play the lyra (stringed instrument)
2. Tutors in reading/writing and mathematics also available
3. Tutors were mostly hired by wealthy families
4. Beginning in the sixth century, more and more children learn how to read
and write
iv. Sophists
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