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Lecture 15

HUMAN 1C Lecture 3: Rahimieh Lecture 3


Department
Humanities
Course Code
HUMAN 1C
Professor
Sharon Block
Lecture
15

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Angeni Muralidhar Spring 2018
National Turmoil and the Fate of Women
- Women without Men and the Iranian Revolution, the revolution that brought down the
monarchy
- Grassroots movement - labor unions, women’s unions
- There was drastic change in the way that women appeared in public
- “...many women, even nonreligious, nontraditional, and highly educated women, took up
the veil as symbol of solidarity and opposition to the Shah.”
- Mohammad Reza Shah leaves Iran on January 16, 1979
- He went on an “extended vacation” - he was exiled to Egypt and died there later
on
On February 1, 1979 Ayatollah Khomeini arrives in Tehran
- Started talking about the way women are treated in public
- “The laws of Islam are for the benefit of both man and women, and women must have a
say in the fundamental density of the country. Just as you have participated in our
revolutionary movement, indeed played a basic roles in it, now you must also participate
in its triumph, and must not fail to rise up against whenever it is necessary.”
- “We want our women to attain the high rank of true humanity. Women must have a share
in determining their destiny. The repressive regime of the Shah wanted to transform our
warrior women into pleasure seekers, but God determined otherwise. They wanted to
treat women as a mere object, a possession, but Islam grants women a say in all affairs
just as it grants a man a say.”
- Women's role is society was being critiqued in society -- they were practically naked and
not modest
- Women protest the imposition of compulsory veiling in March 1979
- There was a new strict dress code -- claimed to follow the dress code of the Quran
- Khomeini’s solution was to bring back the veil
- Became the law that women must cover their hair and their body in ways that would not
distract men
- Notion of manhood -- do they even have control over themselves?
- “A veilless women became the personification of cultural imperialism…
Magical Realism
- Coined by the German historian and art critic Fraz Roh in 1925 in a treatise concerned
with the tendencies in the works of German painters of the period that juxtaposed realistic
images of objects and/or figures with the fantastic or bizarre
- Magical realism seems to make place in the corner of the story
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