# PHILOS 2 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Modus Tollens, Logical Consequence, Modus Ponens

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Published on 6 Jan 2016
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


 !
o" ""#"##
""#"#""#"#
"\$%&&'(
)\$("
""*\$%(#""#*
\$+(""#
#,

o-"#valid)true
"false#.
"  "#)#

 !
o)#
""###)""/
o####0/
##".
1 "#
. 1)#-#2#
%. ##-
2. 0##2#.
 )3
oDeductive Arguments
"
#
#4"
#
## "#)#
0"##0"
56 ")#
oInductive Arguments
"""
#6
#4"
#
)) "
)#)#)"#

1 "#
. ######
%. ####)##
+. #)#
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7. #"##8#
)#))
2.0###)##)##.
 1#
oDeductive
9#"0#)#

#"

oInductive
"
###
 9#
o#If"
0#must
o1 "##\$(
. ##)
%. ##
2.0##)
. #####"#"

%. :#
2.0:##"#"
.
o1 "##
. 1)#-#2#
%. ##2#
2.0##-
. 9"
%. ;"
2.0;).
:2 "#
o< "#
"#)#)"
##."#)#)
#.
. 1)#-#2#
%. ##2#
2.0##-
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