PHILOS 2 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Logical Disjunction, Possible World, Doxa

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Published on 7 Jan 2016
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


 !"#$ 
# # %&!"%
'!"
   %
( )*
o+"" "  "" 
" "" " "
!,,-%
( ."
o"apparently acceptable
 apparently true
o apparently unacceptable
 apparently false
o apparently
acceptable apparently valid
( "# #
!/%"""0!% ""
 0!1%"" 
o)2""32"" 3"*
" 
#valid#true"false
 
o+"" " 
"  
""  
( "
!) " %
o"/)"
4" + 
)" " "
" "
" #"
 
o")  
4" 5"
#  
# # 5 
o'  *
  

5" 
o6#*
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o"1)"
4"  
'"" $# " 
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#
( )!7% 
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% 9 "
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 6$
 9<#"=$#
% ## $# $ 
";; 
 )# " "

% ##" $
""$ 
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 '5
 '#" >
"" #5#

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 
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+# " "
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Document Summary

Lecture 2: the nature of paradox by prof. sven bernecker. Deductive arguments: validity (if premises were true, the conclusion would have to be true as well) + soundness (premises are in fact true) Inductive arguments: strength (truth of premises make truth of conclusion likely) What is a paradox: an apparently unacceptable conclusion derived by apparently acceptable reasoning from apparently acceptable premises (sainsbury 2009) Because it is impossible for there to be such an argument where the argument valid with true premises and a false conclusion: a paradox is problematic because it seems to be an example of. Three types of paradoxes an impossible argument. So at least one of the three appearances catalogued above must be misleading (why the conclusion may seem unacceptable: type 1: when reason contradicts experience. We can never move from one place in one place in space to another place in space.

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