PHILOS 2 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Sorites Paradox, Danny Devito, Hair Loss

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Published on 10 Feb 2016
School
UC-Irvine
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHILOS 2
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0!"Eubulides of MiletusG!
6 ,(!$+"(!!$"
B$("!2/+"("+1
0
B!+$4
2$!!%!%
Hprobable
B!+$IH+!proof"$$
$!%+$$$+
o4$$(!$$11$$$%!"
o3+"$
$+$
4$+$,9
6 3$+$
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o0!8$
0!"!!"+"$!$+!+$
$$%%
o0!,!$$%%(!(%
"
=%,2+%,3:
2+vague"!!
;
""$"$
o';(!!""$!%
o4$$1;,;
o*8((!!!;""$
!+!"
oB"$+!+%
2+ambiguous!(+
+%
o*8((!!(!+%
!+,!+%!
;
2+both vague and ambiguous!+$"$
+%,+$$ (!!!;""$
2+%:
$+%#!(!+$"$+%
-F!!.
0!$$%)
2;$$!+)
-0+J$(,J$./!B
+%#!1 $$(
I"-0!$$%K;.
0!$$%<L'3*)
0!$$%L7)
6$+%#!$!
"$+$"$"-M!(!+$!
.
o#!-!+.&
=%$+ :!""(!
o/$K$$,,
N+I!!H
(!"%++
%&
o'1%$K$,$$
6$$$""+
o'"""$,$
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Document Summary

Lecture 11: sorites paradox by prof. sven bernecker (02/09/2016) No : you must admit the presence of a heap sooner or later, so where. Sorites derives from the greek word soros (meaning heap ). The paradox of the heap is the name given to a class of paradoxical arguments, also known as little-by-little arguments, which arise as a result of the indeterminacy surrounding the limits of the application of the predicates involved. The . stands for a long list of premises which can be summed up as follows: For any number of hairs, if someone"s number of hairs is h and he is bald, then someone whose number of hairs is h + 1 is also bald. The conclusion (c) is obviously false, but the reasoning seems valid and the premises seem plausible. The reason that the paradox of the heap occurs in natural language is because of the existence of vague predicates.