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Lecture 31

PSY BEH 113D Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Social Exchange Theory, Equity Theory, Dsm-5

Psychology and Social Behavior
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Professor Valentovich
Psych Behavior 113D
Adult Development
Spring 2019
4 units
MWF 12-12:50 pm
SSL 290
Professor email:
Office hours Wednesday 1-1:50 pm
Final Exam: June 7th, 2019
Perspectives on Long-term Relationships
Socioemotional selectivity theory
People prefer long-term relationships to maximize their positive affect
Social exchange theory
Relationships are evaluated according to costs and benefits
Equity theory
Balance is sought between what each contributes to the relationship
Similarity vs. need complementarity
Similar couples are happier vs. opposites attract
Behavioral approach
Behaviors couples engage in affect their satisfaction
Suffocation model
We expect more out of marriage but have less time to devote to it
Mental Health & Illness
What is mentally healthy?
Positive attitude toward self, accurate perception of reality, mastery of the
environment, autonomy, personality balance, growth & self-actualization
(Birren & Renner, 1980)
Mental illness
absence of above
Behaviors harmful to self or others, lowers well-being, perceived as
distressing, disrupting, abnormal, or maladaptive
Mental illnesses are complex
Result from a combination of genetic, environmental, psychological, and
developmental factors
Life-span Approach
biological factors
psychological factors
sociocultural factors
life-cycle factors
DSM-5 is major psychiatric manual in US & Canada
Includes diagnostic criteria for major forms of psychological disorder
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