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Lecture 36

PSY BEH 113D Lecture Notes - Lecture 36: Ageism, Job Performance, Psych

Psychology and Social Behavior
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Professor Valentovich
Psych Behavior 113D
Adult Development
Spring 2019
4 units
MWF 12-12:50 pm
SSL 290
Professor email:
Office hours Wednesday 1-1:50 pm
Final Exam: June 7th, 2019
Age Trends in Work Experience
Job Performance
Job performance does not appear to change significantly with age
Ability/expertise trade-off may occur
Job Satisfaction
Middle-aged workers are more satisfied with their jobs than younger
--90% of workers over age 50 report they enjoyed work and were
satisfied overall with their jobs
Younger workers more likely to change jobs when perceived costs of
staying outweigh costs of retraining for new career
Work in Midlife
Intrinsic rewards of work assume greater importance during mid-life
50-60% middle-aged workers report sense of pride in their work v. 37%
young-adult workers (Harris, 2005)
Why positive feelings about work?
Middle-aged workers more realistic about their job expectations.
Learned how to use and apply their knowledge to solved problems and
become efficient in their jobs
No longer trainees; hold positions of higher authority
Earnings at a peak in late midlife
Older workers less satisfied if age discrimination, physical and cognitive
Work problems
Interrupted career paths, delayed entry into second career
Age discrimination
Stereotypes can lead to disengagement
Changing nature of work (technology)
Negative effects of unemployment worsen as period of unemployment
lengthens (e.g., physical health, depression, anxiety)
Harder to get re-employed
Career Change
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