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Lecture 40

PSY BEH 113D Lecture Notes - Lecture 40: Reference Group, Psych, Ageism


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 113D
Professor
Valentovich
Lecture
40

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Professor Valentovich
Psych Behavior 113D
Psych Department
Adult Development
Spring 2019
4 units
MWF 12-12:50 pm
SSL 290
Professor email: vvalento@uci.edu
Office hours Wednesday 1-1:50 pm
Final Exam: June 7th, 2019
Notes
GAP IN AGE AT WHICH OLD AGE BEGINS
Young adult respondents (ages 18- 29) believe that the average person becomes
old at age 60.
Middle- aged respondents (30-49; 50- 64) put the threshold closer to 70
Seniors (65 and above) say that the average person does not become old until
turning 74
HOW OLD WE ARE VS. HOW OLD WE FEEL
The older people get, the younger they feel
18-29: 25% feel younger
65+: 60% feel younger
LIFE SATISFACTION ACROSS ADULTHOOD
European national data samples (Baird et al., 2010)
Stable until later age 70, drops more in 80s
Findings contradict the paradox of well-being
objective factors matter more towards end of life
The set point perspective maintains that personality determines happiness levels
Sets boundaries
But personality traits may change together with well-being indicating that
personality is more than a set “point” (Hill et al., 2012)
Overall life satisfaction and satisfaction in specific domains (McAdams et al.,
2012)
Specific domains: health, income, housing, spouse or partner, job, social
life, and the amount and use of leisure time
Different trajectories across lifespan
Aggregate of domains determines overall life satisfaction
Social comparison
process that occurs when people rate themselves relative to their primary
reference group
Communicative Ecology Model of Successful Aging (CEMSA)
The way we talk about aging influences the way we age- there are 7 strategies
Express optimism about aging process
Don’t use age as reason for problems
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