PSY BEH 100 Lecture 7: Week 7 02/23 P100
Premium

3 Pages
70 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course
PSY BEH 100
Professor
Shariff
Semester
Winter

Description
CULTURE AND CULTURAL EVOLUTION: WHAT MAKES US HUMAN: Morality helps us regulate social relations Moral Emotions: -behaviors motivated by emotions Kin selection → fundamental, cooperative thing any species does (good to people with whom you share your genes) -if you did not have anger, it would be maladaptive if you are constantly encountering prisoner dilemma type situations (being screwed over by others) -if you didn’t feel embarrassment or shame, you would be a socially unpopular person Positive emotions: -other oriented: Sympathy - makes you able to reach out to someone in a situation of need (reciprocity) Gratitude (opposite of contempt) - maintain reciprocal relationships; sense of gratitude entices reciprocal behavior Admiration (opposite of disgust) -self-oriented: Pride (opposite of shame) - motivates you to pursue those positive behaviors Habitats of Our Animal Relatives: -in about 50k years, we colonized pretty much every corner of the world Humans are different: -habitat ranges throughout the world -complex tools are crucial for survival -we have large social groups -extensive variation in subsistence and social arrangements -exceptional ability to adapt to local conditions -we engage in obviously maladaptive behaviors -false beliefs → (strange religious cults) -dangerous, useless hobbies -reduced fertility -self-sacrificial altruism Why? The standard evolutionary psych answer: -we have this stone age mind that’s trapped in the modern world (mismatch hypothesis) Human accomplishment? → we’re smarter than the average bear (so much smarter) Pinker → we have these genius brains that can look at the environment and figure things out instantly Inuit flourished where explorers died: -adaptive, culturally transmitted info -subsistence skills, specialized tech, extensive knowledge of arctic, social organization -culturally evolved adaptations, not just intelligence, allowed the inuit to flourish -intelligence itself is not enough → cultural adaptations are needed dual-Inheritance theory: -human evolution is the product of dual-inheritances: genes and culture -culture happens in a similar Darwinian process (genetic evolution) -variation (many different ways to build a bow and arrow) -selection -transmission (info passed down through direct teaching our mirroring) -cultural info that proves to be useful (and sticky) gets passed down to the next generation -culture allows accumulation of small improvements (cumulative culture) -small improvements can lead to complex adaptations without prescience or genius -just needs the blind processes of trial and error Climactic variability during the EEA of social learning -during that time, the variability of the climate our species
More Less

Related notes for PSY BEH 100

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit