Psy Beh 101D - Lecture 14 - Families Lifestyles and Parenting.rtf

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Psychology and Social Behavior
Kara Thorsen

Families, Lifestyles, and Parenting Life Span Developmental Psychology th March 7 , 2012 Single Adults  Dramatic increase; tripled from 1970 to 2005  25-34 y/o in ’09: 46% never married  Advantages and disadvantages  Common problems o Forming intimate relationships with other adults o Loneliness o Finding niche in marriage oriented society  Chart: Percentage of Single Adults 30-34 Years of Age Cohabiting Adults  Dramatic rise in cohabiting before marriage: 11% in 1970 to 75% 2009 o Varies by country o Cohabiting: short-lived in U.S. o Comparing cohabitation to marriage o Advantages and disadvantages of cohabiting  Dramatic rise in cohabiting older adults, likely to increase with aging baby boomers o More for companionship than love o Expected to continue increasing o Separate assets best when one needs expensive care o More stable, positive relationship than young cohabitating couples o More depressed than married counterparts Married Adults  Marital trends o Changing male-female equality in and high expectations of marriage fragile, intense marriages o Average duration of a marriage is 9 years o More adults remain single longer  Age of first marriage (2007): 27.5 for men, 25.6 for women o U.S. is a marrying society, ~90% will marry in their lifetime; marriage rates have declined in recent years o International comparisons in marriage  Chart: Increase in age at 1 marriage in U.S. Marriage in Middle and Late Adulthood  Middle Adulthood o Most married people express considerable satisfaction; “very happy”  Late Adulthood o Adjustments needed at retirement, widowhood o Happiness affected by each partner’s coping with aging o Benefits of a good marriage  Healthier lives  Lower levels of depression, anxiety, anger Divorced Adults  Risk factors for divorce  If divorce occurs, it usually happens early in marriage  Stress of separation and divorce pose risks for psychological and physical difficulties  Challenges of divorce vary based on custody rights and gender Divorce in Middle and Older Adulthood  Main reason for staying married: children  Main causes of divorce o For Women:  Verbal, physical, emotional abuse (23%)  Alcohol or drug abuse (18%)  Cheating (17%) o For Men:  No obvious problems, just fell out of love (17%)  Cheating (14%)  Different values, lifestyles (14%)  Remarriage: ~4 years after divorce; men remarry sooner than women Gay and Lesbian Adults  Similar in satisfactions, loves, joys, and conflicts to heterosexual couples o More flexible in gender roles than heterosexuals  Contrar
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