Psy Beh 101D - Lecture 11 - Self Identity and Personality.rtf

8 Pages
Unlock Document

Psychology and Social Behavior
Kara Thorsen

The Self, Identity, and Personality Life Span Developmental Psychology th February 29 , 2012 The Self, Identity, and Personality  The Self o Self-Understanding o Self-Esteem and Self-Concept  Identity o Erikson: Identity vs. Identity Confusion o Developmental Changes: Marcia - Identity Statuses  Personality o Trait theories and Big Five Factors o Erikson: Generativity vs. Stagnation o Stability and Change  Personality: Enduring personal characteristics  Self: Characteristics of a person  Identity: Understanding self; who you are, what you believe in, what you want to do Self-Understanding  Cognitive representation of the self o Based on roles and membership categories  Infancy: Visual self-recognition  Early Childhood o Are self-aware o Self-understanding  Confusion of self, mind, and body  Self-descriptions are physical, concrete, active, and unrealistic positive overestimations o Understanding others  Individual differences in social understanding linked to caregivers  Middle and Late Childhood o Self-understanding: 5 key changes  Internal characteristics emphasized  More referencing in social descriptions  More use of social comparisons  Distinguish between real self and ideal self  Realistic in self-evaluations  Adolescence o Abstract and idealistic o Self-conscious; preoccupied with self o Contradictions within the self – multiple roles in different contexts realized o Fluctuating self over time and situations o Compare real and ideal selves  Possible selves: what persons may be, would like to be, and are afraid of becoming o Self-integration in sense of identity  Changes in Self-Understanding inAdulthood o Self-Awareness  Awareness of strengths and weaknesses  Improves in young and middle adulthood o Possible Selves  Get fewer and more concrete with age o Life Review  Some in middle age, common in older adults  Evaluations of successes and failures Self-Esteem and Self-Concept  Self-esteem: Global evaluative dimension of the self  Self-concept: Domain-specific evaluations of the self Issues with Self-Esteem  Modest correlations link self-esteem and school performance; links vary between adult job performance and self-esteem  Self-esteem related to perceived physical appearance across life-span  High self-esteem increases happiness  Low self-esteem linked with depression, suicide, eating disorders Self-Esteem in Childhood and Adolescence  Self-evaluations become more realistic and accurate during the elementary school years  Majority of adolescents have positive self-image cross-culturally  Girls’self-esteem is lower than boys’by middle school years Self-Esteem in Adulthood  Some researchers find drops in self-esteem in late adulthood; others don’t  Older adults with positive self-esteem o May not see losses as negatively o Decrease in knowledge-related goals o Increase in emotional-related goals o Compare themselves to other older adults What is Identity?  Self-portrait of many identities: o Vocational/career o Political o Religious o Relationship o Achievement/intellectual o Sexual o Cultural/ethnic o Interests o Personality o Physical Erikson’s Ideas on Identity  Identity versus identity confusion o Adolescents examine who they are, what they are about, and where they are going in life  Psychosocial moratorium o Gap between childhood security and adult autonomy, part of adolescent identity
More Less

Related notes for PSY BEH 101D

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.