Class Lecture Outline No. 1: Introduction to the Course Page1 of3
I. INTRODUCTION AND REVIEW OF CLASS SYLLABUS.
II. INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOPATHOLOGY (ABNORMAL
A. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL PRACTITIONERS.
B. THE MEANING OF "ABNORMALITY" IN PSYCHOPATHOLOGY-
Pattern of thoughts, emotion, and behavior that result in personal distress
or a significant impairement in a person’s social or occupational
Social norms- the cultural rules that tell us how to behave or not to behave
in various situations especially in relation to other people.
1. Distress or Psychological Suffering.
2. Dysfunctional or Impaired Functioning.
3. Deviant, Irrational and Unpredictable Behavior.
C. THE "DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL
1. The Disadvantages of Classifying Mental Disorders.
(a) creates a Social Stigma- people start to identify with their disorder but it
doesn’t mean they will have it their whole life.
D. CULTURE SPECIFIC DISORDERS.
E. RESEARCH AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY.
F. SOURCES OF RESEARCH INFORMATION.
1. Case Studies. 2. Self-Reporting Inventories.
3. Observational Approaches.
G. OVERVIEW OF PSYCHOTHERAPY MODELS.
1. Stressful Life Experiences.
2. The Therapeutic Alliance.
H. COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOTHERAPY: patient is made aware
of the connection between his/her patterns of distorted thinking and the
patient's emotional responses
-Client learns how to refrain from doing any of the following things:
1. selectively perceiving the world around them as harmful while
ignoring the evidence to the contrary
2. overgeneralizing on the basis of limited examples such as
viewing themselves as total worthless.
3. Magnifying the significance of undesirable events.
4. Engaging in absolutist thinking such as viewing oneself as a
worthless student as opposed to a wo