PSY BEH 173S Lecture 5: Week 3

9 Pages
78 Views

Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 173S
Professor
Christina Pedram

This preview shows pages 1,2 and half of page 3. Sign up to view the full 9 pages of the document.
Description
Lecture 5 Chapter 3: Attraction The Fundamental Basis of Attraction ● We are attracted to those who are rewarding ○ Especially if their presence makes us feel good! ● 2 types of rewards ○ Direct rewards: Interest, approval ■ Ex: shower us with attention, makes us feel good, says nice things to us ○ Indirect rewards: subtle, not consciously aware of them ■ Likely to fall in love that has a name that resemble their own ■ First initial/last initial as us, but if there is something about them that’s similar to us, we like them even more! ■ If our partner is similar to us = gives us indirect reward Proximity: Liking Those Near Us ● Our relationship often grow out of interactions with those who are nearby ● Topics to be covered ○ Convenience ○ LDR ○ Familiarity ○ The Power of Proximity Convenience - why proximity leads to attraction ● Proximity is rewarding, distance is costly ● Those nearby have a big advantage over those far away; expense, effort ○ Gas prices, hours spent on the road = more costly of a relationship Long Distance Dating & Mating ● Dating websites: Your “best self” is not really your “real self” ● Idealized images of each other in LDR ○ In LDR, bc you’re not interacting w your partner if you were in person, partners tend to communicate more carefully - focusing on only the GOOD things ○ As a result, bc they are not regularly assertive & seeing the bad part/bad moods, they tend to create an idealized image of each other - which is great when apart, when they are reunited, they sometime do not live up to those expectations ● ⅓ of reunited LDRs break up within 3 months of reuniting ● Cameron & Ross (2007) article - posted on website ○ 91 couples (some long distance, some same-city) ○ Preidctors of who would break up and who would stay together ○ Examined gender as a moderator ○ Results: security (men & women), negative affectivity (men) ■ 1. Dispositional pessimism towards the future ■ 2. Low self-esteem ■ 3. Tendency to experience negative emotions (anxiety, depression) ■ All 3 that contribute to negative affectivity ○ Bottom line: best w/ high security and when man is low in NA Familiarity: Repeated Contact ● Proximity increases likelihood of repeated contact ● Familiarity and frequency of contact increase likability ● Mere Exposure Effect! The Power of Proximity ● Of course, the power of proximity to increase attraction has its limits ● Constant exposure to anything can be boring ● Obnoxious people actually get more obnoxious Who’s Attractive ● People tend to agree on who is attractive & who is not ● What kind of faces are attractive? ○ Women: baby face + signs of maturity ○ Men: strong & dominant vs. warm & friendly ○ Composite (average) face ■ We don’t like features that are too prominent, we like that average size ○ Symmetrical faces are attractive ● When women are ovulating, they are attracted to masculine feature & when they are not ovulating, they are attracted to baby faces ● Some bodies are more attractive than others ○ Women: 0.7 WHR (waist-to-hip), 0.75 Waist- to-bust ratio ○ Men: 0.9 WHR, broad shoulders, big muscles ○ Men taller than women ● Longer hair on women, less chest hair on men ● The color red: More attractive when wearing red Our Bias for Beauty: What is Beautiful is Good ● Desirable traits w/ desirable appearance ● We confuse beauty for talent ○ Attractive employees, earn on average, 5% more money than unattractive employees ○ The unattractive folks earn 9% less ○ Attractive professors get better teaching evaluations than unattractive professors ● Downside to beauty: perceived as promiscuous ○ More likely to sleep around than people who are less attractive ● What about us? ○ Do we agree on who is attractive? ○ Do we fall for the “what is beautiful is good” stereotype? ○ Do we judge attractive people are more promiscuous? ○ Analyze data! An Evolutionary Perspective on Physical Attractiveness ● People’s preferences for prettiness generally fit the assumptions of evolutionary psychology Lecture 6 Chapter 3: Attraction continued Culture Counts, Too ● When food is unreliable, being thin is less attractive ○ Slender women are actually judged as less desirable than heavy women ● However, since the US is not going through lack of food, ○ Slender women are more attractive ● Slender women are seen as healthy and can reproduce ● We’re going to be attractive to the person who is most likely to reproduce & care for our offspring ● Physical fitness is important! The Interactive Costs & Benefits of Beauty ● Attractive people tend to be less lonely, have better social skills bc they have more practice interacting with them and people like to talk to attractive people, and are happier ○ Although attractive are happier, we tend to overestimate the difference, which is where the bias part comes in ○ Of course, in general, there is a small difference between attractive vs. less attractive ● Downside of attractiveness: People lie to you ○ People are more likely to misrepresent themselves to attractive people than unattractive people ○ Super attractive people realize this and become mistrusting towards others ■ They’re used to hearing “oh you’re so smart, fun to hang out with,” people say these things to get a date or what not Matching in Physical Attractiveness ● Partners tend to have similar levels of attractiveness ● Unlikely to be serious w/ someone “out of your league” ○ May feel uncomfortable and not secure in the relationship; self-conscious ○ We get serious with people who are close to our own level of attraction Reciprocity: Liking Those Who Like Us ● Topics to be covered: ○ The Desirability Formula
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1,2 and half of page 3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit