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Lecture 14

SOCIOL 41 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Arthur Schuster, In-Group Favoritism, Ethnic Conflict

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Sociology 41
Small Group Dynamics - Small Group Behaviors
Professor Schuster
Course Code: 69150
4 Unit Course
Key: Subjects/topics discussed in class
Notes: Lecture 14
***Group Stereotype Overview
Group Stereotypes and Images
In-group members often use stereotypes against out-groups
Reliance on stereotypes fosters mistaken impressions of the out-group and
its members
Stereotypes exaggerate or accentuate the differences between an in-group
and an ouAQt-group
Low schematic complexity of the out-group
Ultimate Attribution Error
When a member of our own in-group behaves in a positive or desirable manner,
we are likely to attribute that behavior to the member’s internal, stable
If that same person behaves in a negative or undesirable manner, we will
tend to discount it and attribute it to external, unstable forces
Biased evaluation of group performance
In-group members rate the performance of their own group more
favorably than that of the out-group, even when there is no discernible
Effects of In-Group Bias
Positive effect
Biases can serve as a positive motivational device that strengthens the in-
group’s effort, boosts group morale, and helps members avoid
Team spirit
Sense of We-ness
Negative Effect
Biases can lead to stereotyping and discrimination of the out group and of
its individual members
Race riots
Gang fights
Changes in Relations Between Conflicting Groups
Expansion of the issues
Communication breakdown
= escalating conflict
Impact of Conflict on Within-Group Processes
Out-group pressure increases in-group cohesion
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