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Lecture 18

SOCIOL 41 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Arthur Schuster, Distributive Justice, Alex Faickney Osborn


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCIOL 41
Professor
Schuster
Lecture
18

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Sociology 41
Small Group Dynamics - Small Group Behaviors
Professor Schuster
Course Code: 69150
4 Unit Course
Key: Subjects/topics discussed in class
Notes: Lecture 18
***Distribution Overview
Reward Distribution and Equity
Principles used in reward distribution
Distributive justice principles
Criteria members can use to judge the fairness of the distribution of
rewards
Distributive Justice Principles
1. Equity Principle
Distribute equally regardless of members contributions
Prevails in situations focused on solidarity, conflict avoidant, relationship-
oriented
More often women, friends, triads
2. Relative Needs Principle
Distribute rewards according to member’s personal needs, regardless of
contributions
Prevails frequently in close relationships involving friends, lovers, and
relatives
3. Equity Principle
Distribute rewards in proportion to member’s contribution
Prevails most often in work situations
Equity Theory
State of equity
Members receive rewards in proportion to the contributions they
make to the group
Judgements made when one group member compares his/her outcomes
and inputs (ratio) against those of another member
But members calculate in different ways
Task Interdependence
Elements of the situation can also enter in to group member’s assessment of their
value to the group
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