PSY 2012 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Sigmund Freud, Unconscious Mind, Psych

53 views2 pages
3 Sep 2016
-Psych is the study of overt and covert behaviors
Overt: Observable (actions and words) -use all 5 senses to detect
Covert: Covered (thoughts and emotions) -still real
-There is a relationship between what we think&feel and what we do&say
Covert can turn into overt and vice versa
-The goal of psych is to come up with a set of rules that explain most behaviors most of
the time
-The rules enable us to predict behavior, to potentially control it, or to potentially prevent
-there is always an exception to every rule
-research enables us to discover those rules
-different psychologists explain the same behavior in different ways because they have
different perspectives (behavior is still the same)
-each explanation is supported by different degrees of research
more accurate explanations are supported by more research
-theoretical perspectives are approaches to behavior that enables psychologists to
understand it from a particular viewpoint
Sigmund Freud
-the psychodynamic perspective focuses on the unconscious mind and its effects on
also focuses on the past (early childhood experiences) to understand the present
Thorndike and Skinner
-the behavioral perspective focuses on observed behaviors and how they are reinforced
rewards and punishments
when you get a reward, you’re more likely to do a behavior (nurture)
when you get punished, you’re less likely to do it
-the humanistic perspective focuses on the ability to direct one’s own life, reach one’s
true potential, and be the best one can be
-the cognitive perspective focuses on how we think and process information
how we think determines what we do
-the evolutionary perspective focuses on the instinctive and biological basis for our
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.