ANTHRO 129Q Lecture 4: Anthro129Q119ancientsurgeries

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7 Feb 2017
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Lecture 4
Ancient surgeries
→ earliest surgery
→ on soft tissues
→ no medical evidence but do have art and medical text record
Soft tissue:
→ castration
→ probably the oldest ancient surgery, on cow
→ circumcision (reversal)
→ egyptian wall paintings
→ for some societies→ preparation for marriage
→ cataract removal
→ “couching”
→ displacing the lens
→ see clearly but not much detail
→ repair
→ ear lobes
→ cut off extra tissue and form a nice lobe
→ rhinoplasty: surgery for nose
→ forehead flap method
→ indicate slavery→ negative image
Sushruta: the practitioner of cataract removal and rhinoplasty
Hard tissue:
→ trepanation
→ not brain surgery but skull surgery
→ purpose: to remove a piece of bone and not touching any tissue underneath it
→ reveal amazing surgical knowledge of ancient people
→ distribution: appeared everywhere,
→ 1st: 10000 BC
→ not contact and spread so must be independent invention
→ motivation:
→ in modern societies→ injury? → intracranial bleeding: release the
-pressure/ repair skull damage
→ ritual?
→ “improve consciousness”
→ in ancient societies→ injury?
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