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Lecture 15

ANTHRO 157 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Statutory Law, Code Of Law

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Summarize purpose, primary sources, development of law
Define rule of law & its importance in Western democratic societies
Summarize categories of law (and purpose)
Describe 6 general categories of crimes and characteristics
Describe 8 general features of crime
Explain what's meant by element of a specific criminal offense
Compare/contrast 4 general categories of accepted criminal defense
Laws governs aspects of our lives & we're expected to know what the laws are &
follow it.
Law - rule of conduct, enacted in form of statue, that mandates certain forms
of behavior.
Nature and purpose of law
Society needs law to uphold fairness & prevent victimization of innocents
Laws regulate relationships b/w ppl and also b/w parties (govt & individuals)
Ensure philosophical, moral, economic perspectives of creators are protected
Maintain values/uphold social privilege
Sustain power relationships
Support a system for punishment/rehab of offenders
** modification of law, if gradually introduced, promote change in society **
Laws are found in statutory provisions & constitutional enactment (also ruilings by
courts over hundreds of yrs)
Statutory law = "law on the books"
Written law - codes
--> once law is written down it's "codified"
Penal code - written form of criminal law
Case laws - law that results from judicial decisions
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