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Lecture 29

ANTHRO 169 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Differential Psychology, Barista, PsychopathyPremium

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Jeffrey Brantingham

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Heritability of Crime
- Biology matters; example of someone who uses alcohol that change their behavior, it
shows an interaction between alcohol and their biology that alters their behavior.
Biology in terms of size
- Body differences impact different types of crimes.
- Hormones and crimes: usage of drugs and alcohol.
- Psychological aspects: it is all about the socialization process, not about what people
inherent. It is about what people learn over time.
- Their life events sets out certain pathways in life; affects social bonding, etc.
- Differential psychology: events that people experience produce differences between
- Process psychology: psych is involved in crime BUT it is part of the natural way that the
brain works.
- We naturally respond to certain scenarios; might steal money from the barista; it is an
irrational choice but it is natural for the brain to act that way.
Trait-based psychology
- Measuring psychological characteristics to be categorized and labeled; as either
psychopathy(behavior) or antisocial personality (personality).
Life-course theories
- Peoples bonds with society changes according to the events they have experienced
throughout their lives.
- Social learning theories: part of process psychology; if we are exposed to certain
behavior, we will most likely adopt this behavior.
String Theory
- Criminal Propensity: crime is a normal response to abnormal behavior; surrounding
circumstances trigger people to react in certain ways.
- Different from classical perspective as this idea says that people choose to commit
crimes, but string theory says that it just happens not necessarily because people want to
commit crimes.
Control vs Strain
- Two types of control:
- Social: broader norms of society; we learn attachment to parents, etc.
- Self: learn to control certain impulses all on our own; we learn to resist certain
- Self is an explanation for impulsive behavior but not crimes.
- Self control is something that we learn before the age of 8-10, and according to
this controversial idea, it suggests that we are set for life after this period to be
able to control ourselves. It is theorized that it is a fixed behavior.
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