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Lecture 1

APPLING 101W Lecture 1: Wk1 lesson 1 Mon


Department
Applied Linguistics
Course Code
APPLING 101W
Professor
Kinda Al Rifae
Lecture
1

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Language learning in early childhood
How they develop different parts of the language system
-
How children acquire their first language?
How is language learning accomplished? In terms of words and sentences and complex structure?
What theories of language learning are there?
How does bilingual children acquire language?
Does culture matter for acquisition?
all normal developing children acquire their native language in the first few years of life
Deaf children of hearing parents also acquire complex primary communication systems
Many children worldwide acquire more than one language early in childhood. Monolingualism accounts for small %
of the total
Birth to approximately 6 months
a.
Baby makes noise, and mother will come to help/accommodate the child
Baby realize by making noise/sounds, she would get care ==> sound can be used as a way to
communicated
This stages suggests awareness of sounds and their potential as communicative signs
b.
Cooing
1.
La, da,ma
i.
More language-like sequences: syllables of CV structure(e.g. Constant vow)
a.
Interactive use of prosodic features (stress, intonation, pitch
b.
Maybe combined with gestures (pointing, stretched out arms, eye contacts etc.) in attempts to
communicate meaning
c.
Decrease in babbling and increase in the use of worlds for reference to objects in the world from 6 to
11-16 months
d.
Language is also what we do from body language, not just words we say
e.
Babbling
2.
Fulfil referential, grammatical, and social functions
a.
E.g. Thank you or all gone
i.
Include individual words and formulas
b.
Meanings often overextended: doggies for dogs, horses, raccoons
c.
Rapid, huge development
i.
Given and take
ii.
Fast increase in vocab from less than 50 words at 18 months to 1000 at 36 months
d.
Start from one-word
e.
Two-word stage 21 months
f.
Telegraphic speech 25 months
g.
Words
3.
Emerges by 24 months
a.
Spontaneous combination of words into 2-word phrases
b.
Words that are only essential
i.
Only content words are used, specifically, nouns and verbs "mommy sock" "baby juice" "play doll"
c.
Synaptic development is virtually complete by age 4
i.
Gradual increase in complexity of utterances; telegraphic speech : tony play truck, no want juice,
d.
Syntax
4.
Developmental sequences
a.
The smallest unit that has meaning or grammatical function
i.
Order of morpheme acquisition
b.
Morphology
5.
Stages of FLA
Wk1 lesson 1 Mon.
Monday, August 5, 2019
10:18 AM
APPLING 101W Page 1
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