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Lecture 2

APPLING 101W Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Second-Language Acquisition, Contrastive Analysis, Pragmatics

Applied Linguistics
Course Code
Kinda Al Rifae

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Second language learning
Contexts for L2 learning
The purpose to communicate
Teenagers learning L2 at their own country: education, study
Levels of motivation
The setting of learning conditions
Different learner characteristics and learning conditions lead to different teaching
Studying the language of L2 learners
Marked by deviations
Mistakes/error occur in L2 learning
Developing system, emerging, characterized by mistakes/deviations
This is called INTERLANAUGE
Contrastive analysis
Not the only source
Under the assumption that L1 is responsible for the mistakes
Is L1 responsible for the mistakes? The researchers compare learners' L1 and
L2, trying to find what the errors comes from
Contrastive analysis and error analysis
What is interlanguage?
When someone makes errors, and used to make that error without
being corrected by someone else, the mistake becomes fossilized and
becomes a part of the learner's language
Or when get corrected for many times, the structure or grammar is too
complex and the "bad habits" win over
Or when get corrected, not noticing the correction, most of time learner
focus more on the meaning instead of minor mistake,
Errors also circulate, a group of learners make the same mistake, make
the mistake more imprinted
What is fossilization?
Teacher needs to prevent fossilization ! Fossilized errors become
What is the main premise of each analytical approach?
Developmental sequences
What are some problems with Krashen's summary of L2 grammatical
morpheme acquisition sequence?
Key words: obligatory contexts, accuracy order
What are the variables identified by DeKeyser that contributed to this order?
A plan for both children and adult to learn a language can be the same
Communicative developing approach
Encourage fluency, instead of accuracy, the more they talk, the
L1 and L2 has similar order in development of negation, morpheme
acquisition, questions
Why is it both unexpected and expected that we find similar developmental
sequences among learners of different language backgrounds?
Wk1 lesson 2 Wedn
Wednesday, August 7, 2019
9:32 AM
APPLING 101W Page 1
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