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Lecture 8

ENGL 141 Lecture 8: Early Medieval Literature 11/14/2017
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2 Pages
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Fall 2017

Department
English
Course Code
ENGL 141
Professor
Eric Jager
Lecture
8

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Genesis Lecture
Debates in Christianity of what books are considered sacred or not
Jewish bible was originally translated into Greek and then Latin
Latin = 400
King James was considered the revival for the bible
In heroic tradition, the hero is the warrior
In religious tradition, the hero is a saint and sometimes Christ
Secular v.s. Religious
Lord
Human
Heavenly
Hero
Warrior
Saint, christ
Battle
Armed combat
Temptation, sacrifice
Enemy
Warrior, lord
Satan
Treasure
Gold, wealth
Spiritual or heavenly treasure
- religious knowledge,
salvation
Kinship
Blood ties
Communion - bread and wine
Baptism
Loyalty
What are big changes of the original Genesis and Genesis B?
Bible
Old English Version
Substitute for scripture?
Commentary? Heroic poem?
Serpent = Satan
Tempter = Satan’s thane/chosen,
Also referred to as a serpent
Only three characters: Adam, Eve,
and God
Satan - based upon the interpretation
Borrowed-body theory: Satan borrowed the body of the serpent to move around, speak,
and fool Eve
Diabolical possession - an idea older than Christianity
Points of Appeal:
1. Thaneship
2. Hints of polytheism - at the end of Genesis B, God mentions that Adam and Eve
would eat from the other tree and would become like us
3. Battle imagery
4. Exile
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Description
Genesis Lecture Debates in Christianity of what books are considered sacred or not Jewish bible was originally translated into Greek and then Latin Latin = 400 King James was considered the revival for the bible In heroic tradition, the hero is the warrior In religious tradition, the hero is a saint and sometimes Christ Secular v.s. Religious Lord Human Heavenly Hero Warrior Saint, christ Battle Armed combat Temptation, sacrifice Enemy Warrior, lord Satan Treasure Gold, wealth Spiritual or heavenly treasure - religious knowledge, salvation Kinship Blood ties Communion - bread and wine Baptism Loyalty What are big changes of the original Genesis and Genesis B? Bible Old English Version Substitute for scripture? Commentary? Heroic poem? Serpent = Satan Tempter = Satans thane/chosen, Also referred to as a serpent Only three characters: Adam, Eve, Satan - based upon the interpretation and God Borrowed-body theory: Satan borrowed the body of the serpent to move around, speak, and fool Eve Diabolical possession - an idea older than Christianity Points of Appeal: 1. Thaneship 2. Hints of polytheism - at the end of Genesis B, God mentions that Adam and Eve would eat from the other tree and would become like us 3. Battle imagery 4. Exile 5. Spiritual ruins 6. Style - variation, half-lines with caseous, compound, elegiac tone A leaf or two is missing = refers to page (the leaf) Side 1 = recto Side 2 = verso 1 page = ~30 lines So were missing about 120 lines in the poem, therefore we dont know Lacuna = Latin for a missing portion Manuscript is marked with medieval punctuations Musical punctuations - set of clues for performance ****Check out the book Adam, Eve and The Serpent by Elaine Pagels for Research Papers According to Milton, God gives the commands to Adam and Adam gives the commands to Eve Also Augustines version Eve allows the flow of evil A hierarchy Ye = plural pronoun Er = refers to the degree in adjectives Feebler - (description of Eve) comparative degree to someone or something aka Adam Evidence: Adam resists the apple at first, so plot point Perhaps to the reference to her tempter? Angels that
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