Scarre Chapter 19
● Talks about agriculture and its implications through population, disease, and
social economic consequences
● It discusses climate change and its impact on human anthropology
● Suggests that the Ice Age could be a periodic phase that may recur and
understanding is fully is crucial
● Archaeology allows you to extend beyond written records so that you can
understand more perspectives. Who writes a history book?: winners write their
versions. For instance, there are two different narratives for something as recent
as the civil war. Archaeology helps you take into account a lot more so that we
can overcome biases
● Archaeology teaches us not just about the past but also the future as it helps us
learn from the past
● It also helps us learn by understanding the problems: cause effect and potential
● It could help with dealing with the scarcity of resources due to increase in
● Archaeology> not just temporary consequences but long term
● This chapter Moves from more social and economic issues to ethical issues that
● It defines ethics as the science of morality
● Why is it important? Beliefs and cultural histories are based on it. It tell you about
your own past.
● Archaeology could be lucrative with respect to tourism, private collections etc.
● Consequences: fake artifacts, stealing of artifacts, trade of illegal antiquities.
● Media involvement affects how archaeology is portrayed to the public: For
instance missing links isn't an archaeological term. It was made by the media.
● Cultural beliefs are embedded in history but they could be wrong. If that happens,
how can we debunk them without causing cultural instability?
● People come up w