HIST 11B Lecture 3: History 12B: Neoliberalism Notes Week 2 Lecture 1

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Robin Kelley

Neoliberalism Notes Week 2 Lecture 1 Crimes of Liberty: Liberalism as Enclosure, Dispossession, and Slavery What is Liberalism? the tradition of thought whose central concern is the liberty of the individual Several principles: -freedom of thought and speech (in the bill of rights) -consent by the governed as a condition of the legitimacy of political power (in liberalism, there is no despotism. The government has to consent or the rule is not necessary. The rule of law is not above any ruler. Market economy: money as currency, commodities, and labor) -LIMITED government (There are no major systems, but they rule and discuss past laws to make them better) -the application of the rule of law -a market economy -a transparent and democratic system of government These principles derive from Enlightenment thoughts Certain figures in Enlightenment were anti-slavery Classical Liberalism -Maintains only real freedom is freedom from coercion -state intervention in the economy regarded as coercive power that restricts individual economic freedom -laissez-faire economic policy (minimal economic intervention and taxation by the state beyond what is necessary to maintain individual liberty, peace, security and property rights)[the taxes are used to run government and pay for the army]/(having legal protection for your property. State intervene with physical legal property) -19th century: emphasized free trade and limited government (pillars of classical liberalism, closely connected because government raised revenue for import tariffs) -places property before human freedom and needs. two fundamental components of neo-liberalism are foundational from classical liberalism Unacknowledged foundations of modern liberalism -based on a definition of liberty that places property before human freedom (and human needs) -an exclusionary definition of the human that permits various forms of unfree labor, dispossession, and subordination based on race and gender Classical liberalist did not see slavery as a contradiction to liberty -'Savages and barbarians" incapable of self-govt.; not only justified enslavement, dispossession and colonialism but obscured the violence of dispossession -Move from the 'State of nature' to political society is justified by the need to contain the natural condition of war in order to preserve/ protect human life and property interest -Liberal government secures the peace and security by transferring the violence of the state of nature to the political state; Africans, Asians, Indigenous people, in some cases even the Irish, excluded from 'civil society' -The commons do not begin in England. It's an ongoing struggle for the ongoing rights of common lands and property, and it should protect the rights of humans inside of property Orgins of Magna Carta drafted in 1215 by rebellious English Barons angry w/ King John, whose reign was disastrous King John had been excommunicated by the Pope; lost Normandy-war was expensive, plus launched Crusades to win back support from the Pope. Crown needed money He riased the 'scutage' on the barons (tax paid by a knight in lieu of military service), Sold women; took children hostage for ransom Magna Carta Ch38: No bailiff for the future shall, upon his own unsupported complaint, put anyone to his 'law', without credible witnesses brought for this purposes. -Ch39: NO free man shall be arrested or imprisioned or diseised (dispossessed) or outlawed or exiled or anyway victimized, neither will we attack him or send anyone to attack him, except by the lawful judgemet of his peers or by the law of the land -Ch40: to no one will we send to no one CH7 and 8- related to women's rights in marriage Ch 47: All forests that have been made forest in our time shall be immediately disafforested; and so be it done with river-banks that have been made preserves by us in our time Ch48: All evil customs connected with forests and warrens, foresters an
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