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Lecture

HIST 1A LECTURE 1 NOTES.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1A
Professor
Phillips
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 0 Friday - "Western Civilization"; Early Man History 1A Lecture 1 INTRODUCTION  western civilization: An advanced political and social structure in which individuals come together and function as a singular unit o first form: city  originates in Mesopotamia o why "western," then? o antecedents appear to east and south of western world--Asia (Mesopotamia), Africa (Egypt) o spreads to Europe  Greeks (give Western character--philosophy, democracy)  Romans o to New World through colonization  religion: Christianity and Judaism  Greek democracy and Roman republicanism  we are all part of Western civilization TIMELINE  5,000,000 ybp first hominids  5500 ybp (3500 BC): advancements in western civilization -- it's relatively new  Stone age: 3.4 million yrs BC o Paleolithic: old stone age o Mesolithic: middle stone age o Neolithic: new stone age o tools: spear and bow & arrow  Chalcolithic age (copper/stone): 5,000 BC o 5,000 BC copper in common use  Bronze age: 3,000 BC  Iron age: 1,000 BC (still live in today, steel=carbon treated iron)  Carbon 14 dating: half life 5730 yrs  hunter-gatherers for most of history  change when people realized they should make the food come to them o w/ plants: agriculture (11,000 BC) o w/ animals: domestication  herd animals, sheep and goats (9
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