Class Notes (903,551)
US (349,771)
UCLA (10,600)
HIST (396)
HIST 8B (18)
Lecture 16

HIST 8B Lecture 16: 02/26/2016 History Lecture

4 Pages

Course Code
Garcia Garagarza

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
find more resources at 02/26/2016 History Lecture Violetta Parra Gracias a la Vida Victora Jara Rafael Trujillo ● Dictator of Dominican Republic (1930-1961) ● Rose through the National Guard established by the US Marines ● US granted independence to D.R but made it a protectorate ○ supported landed oligarchic elite and utilized military ○ export republic geared towards the benefits of the US ○ imposing economic conservatism: landowner oligarchy depending on sugarcane export economy ■ rule ruthlessly over mass of peasants ■ US cannot justify these occupations with the colonial reasoning ● create a facade of a parliamentary republic with a strong army that will decide for the country with facade of republican elements ■ fake elections ● US Army occupies Dominican Republic under claim that D.R should pay debt ● 50,000 people die under Dominican Republic ○ disappeared, jailed, tortured ● Trujillo outlaws every other opponent political party ○ Partido Dominicano: personal property of the dictator Trujillo ■ every government employee had to pay for the party ● if you opposed, you were killed ● Trujillo names himself Supreme Power ○ renames the capital Trujillo ○ “Trujillo on Earth and God in Heaven” ● Trujillo reelected in fake elections ● Introduced the death quads ○ Los 42 ○ kill opponents in drive by shootings ○ el carro de la muerte ○ armed with machine guns ● The Military Intelligence Service ● Trujillo created official policy of racial discrimination against Haitian immigrants ● When economic trouble arises, society reacts with xenophobia ● Blame the Haitian immigrants ● The Parsley Massacre: organized a massacre of 30,000 Haitian immigrants ● Expedition to topple Trujillo ○ Fidel involved in expedition ● 1959: Castro sends plane to D.R ○ fails ● Trujillo was a feudal lord find more resources at find more resources at ○ family aristocratic owner ○ ambush car kills Trujillo ■ a puppet of Trujillo succeeded him (Juan Bosch), then military takes over remains in power until 2005 Chile (1924-1938) ● Most of the regimes in South America become militarily controlled and exploited by USA ○ erosion of republican gov ○ fascist ideology ○ what are the economic conditions that propitiated the political conditions? ● Chile achieved its independence very early ○ oligarchy was in a consensus ○ fast consensus on how to conduct parliamentary politics ○ phenomenon of a well organized military ○ regional military power ○ strong rivalry with Argentina for tip of the southern cone ○ some political stability ○ secure, important export economy products ■ guano, copper ● 1924: army coup de’tat in favor of a progressive leader Arturo Alessandri ○ Alessandri refuses to take power via coup de’tat and leaves to Italy ○ spoils of the export economy begin to be questioned ○ Alessandri returns in 1925 to draft a new constitution: gave increased power to executive gov and allowed for increased state intervention in economy and society ● 1920s: inflation, unrest, social turmoil ○ 1000 workers massacred in mine ○ trend of workers demanding for wages and rights ■ Gov brutalizes and represses workers ● Advanced economic program through state intervention ● State partners with USA in nitrate industry ○ state competition and partnership with US ● Parliamentary politics remain strong ○ modern parties are part of political life ● Early 30s: Socialists win elections ○ allowed only for a few days ○ progressive party then returns to power ○ happened by the creation of an alliance under one party ■ La Frente Popular (the Popular Front) ● La Frente Popular ○ leftist organizations ○ against Catholic conservative oligarchy ○ discredit capitalism ● 1938: Pedro Aguirre Cerda becomes president under the Popular Front ○ create national industries for the internal ma
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.