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Lecture 8

I A STD 33 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Primitive Communism, Zaibatsu, KeiretsuPremium

4 pages110 viewsWinter 2019

Department
International and Area Studies
Course Code
I A STD 33
Professor
Jung
Lecture
8

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What is communism?
Economic term about who owns the modes of production
Everyone works (happily)
Everyone gets (just) what they need
No money
No government
In short, utopia?
How do we achieve this communist utopia?
Karl Marx (1848)
Marxist historical materialism
Primitive communism
Slave society
Feudalism
Capitalism
Socialist Revolution
Socialism
Communism
Capitalism
As vaccine or antidote to communism?
Cold War capitalism vs communism
Pro-US vs anti-imperial?
Examples
1917 Bolshevik Revolution(october) in the aftermath of the February Revolution in 1917
that topped Tsarist Russia
What drives revolution? (top down or bottom up)
Economies country by country
Japan
Government led industrialization from the late 19th century
Rise of private companies but with significant government role
Government investments in companies, tight control over banking system
Pacific War and war industry
Zaibatsu (conglomerates) -> keiretsu
Small and medium sized businesses
Government controls banks-> banks-> industries
South Korea
Some industrial development prior to 1910
Industrialization targeted Japanese Imperialism 1910-1945
From import substitution after Korean War to export oriented
Role of foreign aid
Military spending in south korea
1965 ROK-Japan Normalization Treaty
1966 Brown Memorandum (Vietnam War)
Cold war and US backing of capitalism against communism
Taiwan
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