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Lecture 7

LING 1 Lecture 7: LING 1 Disc 2 (Week 2 Summary)


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 1
Professor
Sportiche Dominique
Lecture
7

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071016 (Discussion 2)
Kathleen
Left hemisphere is where processing of language happens, includes sign language
o Shows that sign language is the same as language
Can be seen through MRI and aphasia studies
How much of language is innate? Not all, cos no child comes into the world alr speaking
English
Vocabulary not innate
o Arbitrary
o Not limited in variations
“The boy (subject) kicked (verb) the ball (object)” English but Korean is subject, object,
verb
similarly kids need to be able to understand the difference bet. “vo” or “ov” languages.
The “switch” the knowledge that the difference is innate but the choice of which way to
talk “vo” or “ov” has to be learned
The capacity to learn how to speak is universal and innate
We are predisposed to speak with recursion, therefore is innate
How do we learn language? When is the best time?
Babies!!!!
When we learn a second language, we will never be able to sound like a native speaker
if it is past the critical period
Often confuse the first language w the second, whereby the mistakes we make
The critical period (0-7) for language
People who have were never exposed to a language (e.g. isolated deaf children) and
only learn after mid-teens will never be able to speak/sign fluently w perfect grammar
ever
Is language and thought the same thing? No
Mental imagery that cannot be explained in language
You write things that you’re not meant to say
o The thought is not thought in language
Refer to handout for the rest.
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