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Lecture 5

MUSIC 140A Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Jousting, Aristocracy, Philippe De Vitry

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Robert W Inter

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Machaut and his time
Lived a pretty long life (70’s), considering the times - disease = probably death
He depended on patronage
Wealthy person (royals, like prince) asks for commission piece
For their lodging, meals, etc.
At the time, only 10% of Italy spoke Italian - was in the process of being unified
People who wanted power got it
Aristocrats - carried throughout Europe for the next thousand years
Assigned themselves hereditary bloodlines
Knights - operated in a grey area, low aristocracy
Has to be a good fighter
Aristocracy needed them to help defend them (army) and have control,
keep order
Jousting was a thing - noted if you were a good jouster
If good, would get agriculture from prince/royals
Not exactly like aristocrats, but were special
Attached to a manor (wealthy person)
Music we’re studying has to do with people we’re not sure what part of
the hierarchy they are
Machaut was not an aristocrat
Such a good musician that people of power
northern France, parts of Belgium, Burgundy
Class Hierarchy
Aristocrats (Prince, or Principality, Duchy)
Other aristocrats who owned large manors
about 500 people attached to them, most being serfs
Francesco Petrarch
Best friends with Philippe De Vitry
was only a poet, but greatest one in 14th century
In love with a woman he thought he could not have
“Male suffering” - idea of suffering because they feel like they cannot talk to a woman
they love
Founder of humanism
Church language → Latin
stumbled upon Roman writings and translated them
Introduces Italian language, very close to Latin
Most people could not understand the language Petrarch he advocated, but the wealthy
Spread very slowly
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