Documentary: race the power of an illusion: the house we live in. Industrialization: mass movement of people and resources from agricultural or farm production to manufacturing production and associated services. As northern us industrialization took off during the mid-to-late 1800s and early 1900s, the demand for labor was met by extensive immigration from europe and later by african. Beginning in the early 1900s, millions of poor african americans from the rural south made their way northward in search of civil rights, jobs, and prosperity. Some scholars date beginning of great migration back to 1890s. Blacks migrated from rural areas in south to urban, industrial areas in the north. Pulled by economic opportunities in the north. Pushed by the segregation and discrimination in the south. By 1920, just over 50% of chicago"s african. Founded by robert s. abbott on may 5, 1905, the defender once heralded itself as the.