POL SCI 147B Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Parliamentary Sovereignty

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In 1066 william the conqueror invades england and unifies it. The common law- very early in the 13th century, england had a common law. Henry ii (good king, father of john who signed magna carta) was strong and caused movement to centralize and unify england into a regime of hierarchies with the king on the top. Jewish people were banned (exiled) from england 14th century forward until oliver cromwell. Common law provided even for jewish-christian relations when there were no jews in england. Laws headed by the king, with the exception of the church. Jurisdiction- to speak the law, right to say what the law was. Judicial right- discretionary power, could not be overturned; immunity (ex: policemen today) Magna carta in 1215 asserted certain rights against king. Even the king had to respect the rights of certain others. Judicial authority- enforcing the law of the past.

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