Vincent Crawford and Joel Sobel “Strategic Information Transmission Game”
o Crawford-Sobel signaling game in section
o In our game, C = signal sender, F =signal receiver
o Game is not zero-sum
o E.g. note that if F completely ignored the messages by C, then his best
response is to choose 5. Now, suppose that F’s ideal rate is 1 and C’s is
4. Instead of F choosing 5 as policy, note that both F and C do better if
F chooses a slightly lower policy. That is, F’s gain would not
necessarily imply a loss to C.
o F and C are not classical competitors like opponents in a sports match.
They are partially competitors, partially teammates
o In fact, if the difference in F and C’s preference were 0, then they
would be pure teammates and not opponents whatsoever. In this
situation F’s ideal strategy is to exactly as C suggests. F’s trust of C is
o When the preferences of F and C differ, C has an incentive to lie (or at
least shade the truth…
o If the difference was more than 2.5, then F would completely mistrust
C’s message. The only equilibrium is a babbling equilibrium.
What does “suspension of the rules” mean in the House of Representatives?
o Applies to non-controversial bills
o A way to pass bills rapidly
o “suspensions” calendar –
Bills must be somewhat minor
Test: bill cannot appropriate more than $100 million
o Debated is limited to 20 minutes on each side
o Under a closed ruled (for the bills on the suspension calendar)
o Requires 2/3rd support to pass (suspension motion)
Can you pass a bill by unanimous consent?
o Yes. Most legislation in the House is passed by unanimous consent or
suspension of the rules.
Can you think of a situation where it might be easier to pass a bill by
unanimous consent than the usual route (which requires only majority
o Less controversial bills could pass by normal way
o Keep constituents happy by not going on the voting record
o If opponents are not in the chamber
Quorum requirement applies, but requires someone to bring
up a point of order o
Are “rules” that the Rules Committee proposes to the floor considered under
a closed rule?
House Debate on Medical Care for 9/11 Emergency Responders (YouTube)
o Rep. Peter King (NY)
Peter King and Anthony Weiner Get Into Shouting Match On Fox (YouTube)
Are “rules” that the Rules Committee proposed to the floor considered under
o However, defacto, they are in some sense.
Suppose that the Rules Committee won’t consider your “rule” (resolution to
govern a vote on your bill). What can you do to pass your rule?
o Rider tactic within the Rules Committee
o Ask for unanimous consent on the floor for your “rule”
o Discharge your “rule” from committee
o Bill can get to the floor for a vote through two types of discharge
petitions: petition for voting resolution to get bill on the floor, or
petition for the original bill to get on the floor
Voting resolution petition may be easier since it is less
Voting resolution can also entail a closed rule (unlike the
discharge petition of the bill alone) if no amendments are
o Rider tactic on the floor
Hard since majority leader is typically recognized first by the
Speaker to move to previous question so rules bills cannot be
What is a self-executing rule?
o A rule that also does something of substance
o E.g. amend a bill that is discussed in a resolution brought to the Rules
Committee. Say committee marks up H. Res. 123 which has voting
procedure for H. R. 170. Amendment by adding a self-executing rule to
H. Res. 124 can change H. R. 170 upon passage of H. Res. 123 on the
floor. Essentially, it can be used as a type of rider tactic
Jobs and Growth Reconciliation Tax Act of 2003 – H. Res 227
o Bill is H. R. 2
o Rule for bill is H. Res. 227
o Closed rule amendment which upsets Democrats
o Only hope for Democrats is to vote no on the previous question once
amendment passes and the Speaker recognizes Republican majority
o Move to previous question vote passes: 219 to 209 (passes)
o Vote on the actual resolution (with amendment): passes (also party
line) o Speaker then recognizes Bill Thomas (Chairman of Ways and Means),
who asks for immediate consideration of H.R. 2
o H. Res. 227 states no debate time or amendments are needed for H.R.
2 once it is brought up
o There is a motion to recommit (bring it back to committee) with a
listed to amendment
o Motion objected
o Motion to commit ruled not germane and not in order by the Speaker
o Speaker’s decision appealed; Republicans move to table appeal
o Party line vote (222 to 202) so appeal is tabled
o A second motion to recommit (not by Wrangle)
o Party line vote and motion to recommit is voted down by Republicans
o Speaker then states question is no on passage of the bill
o Bill passes almost on entire party line 222 – 203
Suppose a certain piece of legislation is very popular, and many members of
the House want to pass it as quickly as possible. What are the routes that
they could do this? Suppose they want to skip committee hearings. How long
does each route take? For each possible route, what percent of the House do
you need to support the measure?
o Discharge petition requires simple majority, but needs 7 calendar
days before it can be voted on
o Rules Committee can quickly convene, pass a resolution on the bill;
but even then there must be one day
o Suspend the rules may not apply if it is minor legislation and if it is not
on a suspension calendar day
o Unanimous consent requires…unanimous consent
Do-Not-Call List Blocked by Court (Washington Post September 2003)
o “Judge said that Congress had not given the FTC specific authority to
develop and implement the list. Government officials scrambled to try
to make sure the registry goes into effect as planned next Wednesday.
By late last night, just hours after the ruling became known, both the