PS 171C Week 8.docx

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University of California - Los Angeles
Political Science
Tim Groseclose

PS 171C Week 8 Tuesday  Vincent Crawford and Joel Sobel “Strategic Information Transmission Game” o Crawford-Sobel signaling game in section o In our game, C = signal sender, F =signal receiver o Game is not zero-sum o E.g. note that if F completely ignored the messages by C, then his best response is to choose 5. Now, suppose that F’s ideal rate is 1 and C’s is 4. Instead of F choosing 5 as policy, note that both F and C do better if F chooses a slightly lower policy. That is, F’s gain would not necessarily imply a loss to C. o F and C are not classical competitors like opponents in a sports match. They are partially competitors, partially teammates o “Coopitition” o In fact, if the difference in F and C’s preference were 0, then they would be pure teammates and not opponents whatsoever. In this situation F’s ideal strategy is to exactly as C suggests. F’s trust of C is complete. o When the preferences of F and C differ, C has an incentive to lie (or at least shade the truth… o If the difference was more than 2.5, then F would completely mistrust C’s message. The only equilibrium is a babbling equilibrium.  What does “suspension of the rules” mean in the House of Representatives? o Applies to non-controversial bills o A way to pass bills rapidly o “suspensions” calendar –  Bills must be somewhat minor  Test: bill cannot appropriate more than $100 million o Debated is limited to 20 minutes on each side o Under a closed ruled (for the bills on the suspension calendar) o Requires 2/3rd support to pass (suspension motion)  Can you pass a bill by unanimous consent? o Yes. Most legislation in the House is passed by unanimous consent or suspension of the rules.  Can you think of a situation where it might be easier to pass a bill by unanimous consent than the usual route (which requires only majority support)? o Less controversial bills could pass by normal way o Keep constituents happy by not going on the voting record o If opponents are not in the chamber  Quorum requirement applies, but requires someone to bring up a point of order o  Are “rules” that the Rules Committee proposes to the floor considered under a closed rule? o NO  House Debate on Medical Care for 9/11 Emergency Responders (YouTube) o Rep. Peter King (NY)  Peter King and Anthony Weiner Get Into Shouting Match On Fox (YouTube)  Are “rules” that the Rules Committee proposed to the floor considered under closed rule? o No o However, defacto, they are in some sense.  Suppose that the Rules Committee won’t consider your “rule” (resolution to govern a vote on your bill). What can you do to pass your rule? o Rider tactic within the Rules Committee o Ask for unanimous consent on the floor for your “rule” o Discharge your “rule” from committee o Bill can get to the floor for a vote through two types of discharge petitions: petition for voting resolution to get bill on the floor, or petition for the original bill to get on the floor  Voting resolution petition may be easier since it is less controversial  Voting resolution can also entail a closed rule (unlike the discharge petition of the bill alone) if no amendments are desired o Rider tactic on the floor  Hard since majority leader is typically recognized first by the Speaker to move to previous question so rules bills cannot be amended  What is a self-executing rule? o A rule that also does something of substance o E.g. amend a bill that is discussed in a resolution brought to the Rules Committee. Say committee marks up H. Res. 123 which has voting procedure for H. R. 170. Amendment by adding a self-executing rule to H. Res. 124 can change H. R. 170 upon passage of H. Res. 123 on the floor. Essentially, it can be used as a type of rider tactic  Jobs and Growth Reconciliation Tax Act of 2003 – H. Res 227 o Bill is H. R. 2 o Rule for bill is H. Res. 227 o Closed rule amendment which upsets Democrats o Only hope for Democrats is to vote no on the previous question once amendment passes and the Speaker recognizes Republican majority leader o Move to previous question vote passes: 219 to 209 (passes) o Vote on the actual resolution (with amendment): passes (also party line) o Speaker then recognizes Bill Thomas (Chairman of Ways and Means), who asks for immediate consideration of H.R. 2 o H. Res. 227 states no debate time or amendments are needed for H.R. 2 once it is brought up o There is a motion to recommit (bring it back to committee) with a listed to amendment o Motion objected o Motion to commit ruled not germane and not in order by the Speaker o Speaker’s decision appealed; Republicans move to table appeal o Party line vote (222 to 202) so appeal is tabled o A second motion to recommit (not by Wrangle) o Party line vote and motion to recommit is voted down by Republicans o Speaker then states question is no on passage of the bill o Bill passes almost on entire party line 222 – 203  Suppose a certain piece of legislation is very popular, and many members of the House want to pass it as quickly as possible. What are the routes that they could do this? Suppose they want to skip committee hearings. How long does each route take? For each possible route, what percent of the House do you need to support the measure? o Discharge petition requires simple majority, but needs 7 calendar days before it can be voted on o Rules Committee can quickly convene, pass a resolution on the bill; but even then there must be one day o Suspend the rules may not apply if it is minor legislation and if it is not on a suspension calendar day o Unanimous consent requires…unanimous consent  Do-Not-Call List Blocked by Court (Washington Post September 2003) o “Judge said that Congress had not given the FTC specific authority to develop and implement the list. Government officials scrambled to try to make sure the registry goes into effect as planned next Wednesday. By late last night, just hours after the ruling became known, both the House
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