PSYCH 10 Lecture 7: Module 21 Basic learning conditions and classical conditioning

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Kristen Walker

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Lecture 5/8/17 Module 21​ ​Basic learning conditions and classical conditioning Learning ● Process of acquiring new information or behaviors through experience How do we learn? ● Through ​association​: Certain events occur together (​classical​ conditioning) ● Through ​consequences​: Association between a response and consequences is learned (​operant​ conditioning) ● Through ​acquisition​ ​ ental​ information that guides behavior: ​Cognitive​ learning Classical Conditioning Watson ● Influenced by Pavlov ● Believed that the Theoretical goal of science of psychology is prediction and control of behavior ● Believed that psychology should be an objective science ● Believed that mental thought processes had nothing to do with behavior Behaviorism ● Psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. ● Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2). Pavlov ● Studied digestive system; first Russian Nobel Prize winner (1904) ● Demonstrated associative learning via salivary conditioning Classical conditioning:​ Type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events ● Neutral stimulus (NS):​ In classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits no response before conditioning ● Unconditioned response (UR)​: In classical conditioning, an unlearned, naturally occurring response (such as salivation) to an unconditioned stimulus (US) (such as food in the mouth) ● Unconditioned stimulus (US):​ in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally—naturally and automatically—triggers an unconditioned response (UR) ● You repeat the pairing of the neutral stimulus (NS) (bell) and Unconditioned stimulus (US) (food) ● After enough pairings, the NS is no longer neutral ● The former NS is able to produce the respons
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