PSYCH 10 Lecture 7: Module 22 Operant Conditioning
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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 10
Professor
Kristen Walker
Semester
Spring

Description
Lecture 5/8/17 Module 22 Operant conditioning Operant conditioning ● Attributing consequence internally in order to change behavior ● Behavior operates on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimuli ● Organisms associate their own actions with consequences ● Actions followed by reinforcement ​increase ​behavior ● Those followed by punishments often ​decrease ​behavior Skinner ● Expanded on Thorndike’s law of effect ● Law of effect: ​responses that produce a satisfying effect in a particular situation become more likely to occur again in that situation, and responses that produce a discomforting effect become less likely to occur again in that situation ● Developed behavioral technology and principles of behavior control ● Designed and used the Skinner box for experiments and recorded responses Everyday behaviors are continually reinforced and shaped. ● Reinforcement​: Any event that strengthens a preceding response ● Shaping​: Gradually guiding toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior Positive reinforcements:​ Add something pleasant Negative reinforcements:​ Remove something pleasant Types of Reinforcers ● Primary​: Unlearned; innately reinforcing stimuli; releases dopamine ● Conditioned (secondary)​: Gains power through association with primary reinforcer ● Immediate​: Occurs immediately after a behavior ● Delayed​: Involves time delay between desired response of and delivery of reward Reinforcement schedule ● Includes pattern that defines how often a desired response will be reinforced ● Continuous reinforcement ​schedule: Involves reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs ● Partial (intermittent) reinforcement​: Includes schedule reinforcing a response only part of the ti
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