PSYCH 10 Lecture 7: Module 22 Operant Conditioning

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Kristen Walker

Lecture 5/8/17 Module 22 Operant conditioning Operant conditioning ● Attributing consequence internally in order to change behavior ● Behavior operates on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimuli ● Organisms associate their own actions with consequences ● Actions followed by reinforcement ​increase ​behavior ● Those followed by punishments often ​decrease ​behavior Skinner ● Expanded on Thorndike’s law of effect ● Law of effect: ​responses that produce a satisfying effect in a particular situation become more likely to occur again in that situation, and responses that produce a discomforting effect become less likely to occur again in that situation ● Developed behavioral technology and principles of behavior control ● Designed and used the Skinner box for experiments and recorded responses Everyday behaviors are continually reinforced and shaped. ● Reinforcement​: Any event that strengthens a preceding response ● Shaping​: Gradually guiding toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior Positive reinforcements:​ Add something pleasant Negative reinforcements:​ Remove something pleasant Types of Reinforcers ● Primary​: Unlearned; innately reinforcing stimuli; releases dopamine ● Conditioned (secondary)​: Gains power through association with primary reinforcer ● Immediate​: Occurs immediately after a behavior ● Delayed​: Involves time delay between desired response of and delivery of reward Reinforcement schedule ● Includes pattern that defines how often a desired response will be reinforced ● Continuous reinforcement ​schedule: Involves reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs ● Partial (intermittent) reinforcement​: Includes schedule reinforcing a response only part of the ti
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 10

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.