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Lecture 7

PSYCH 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Toilet Training, Oral Stage, Libido

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Taylor, S.

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Lec 4-1
Socioemotional Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
Babies are uniquely prepared to hear and produce all sounds (150) of human language
crucial for children to have an enriched and engaged social life
if not learned by 5-7, probably cannot master language
The more a child is spoken to, the more vocabulary they pick up
Watching cartoons is not as important to development as talking to other people
As adults, we lose the ability to dierentiate sounds that are not part of our mother
Babbling (repeating words/syllables over and over) — preprogrammed and sounds the
same all over the world
Babies can understand hundreds of words but can’t say any
Babies don’t yet have accommodation skills; don’t treat abstract concepts/pictures as
the same as real world objects
By rehearsing phrases aloud, babies analyze their structure
age 3: huge advances in speech
complex sentences of 3-4 words
can convey contents of imagination
can create sentences never heard before
Theories of Socioemotional Development
Freud: Theory of Psychosexual Development
biological determinism with early family experiences
based on focus of sexual energy (libido)
conflicts between pleasure and demands of reality
resolution of these conflicts shapes personality
Oral Stage (birth-1)
focus on mouth (sucking, feeding)
pleasure from mouth
quality of relationship with mother influences development
Anal Stage (1-3)
focus on elimination (toilet training)
pleasure from anus
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