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Lecture 11

SLAVC 90 Lecture 11: Yugoslavia

Course Code
Roman Koropeckyj

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Slavic 90
Lecture 11: Yugoslavia
- Cyril and Methodius failed in mission to Moravia; disciples went south to first Bulgarian
empire (including current day Macedonia) and Slavonic flourishing that began in Moravia
took place in Bulgaria
- Cyrillic alphabet invented in Bulgaria (modeled on Greek alphabet), Glagolitic cast
aside once Cyrillic invented
- idea of pan-south-Slav state (Yugoslavia)
- 1848-- Prague hosted Slavic congress, parties unable to agree but was impetus for
south Slavs to begin thinking about own pan-south-Slav state
- idea was promulgated by Croats and Serbs who had very different ideas of what a
united federation would look like (led, in part, to fall of Yugoslavia)
- inspired by Napoleon’s creation of Illyrian kingdom (included Slovenia and Croatia)
which didn’t last long
- Serbs-- believed in notion of Greater Serbia (empire that covered all of Balkans and
included with Croats, seen as Catholic Serbs, and Bosniaks, seen as Muslim Serbs);
justified in that they were only south Slavs who took up arms and began actively
liberating selves from Turks in nineteenth century
- Croats-- wanted federation of equal south Slavs
- push and pull between centralization and federation marked history of Yugoslavia
throughout twentieth century
- during interwar period, dominant group was Serbs; ruled by Serb king who broke
up Yugoslavia into provinces instead of ethnic entities (reflects Serb idea of what
Yugoslavia should look like-- provinces relatively arbitrary instead of divided by
ethnic group, which would constitute a federation)
- Cyril had success in converting Pannonian Slavs (in Hungary); after tenth century became
Magyar settlement
- Slovenian language was transitionary language between west and south Slavic languages
(before Magyar settlement in Hungary, south and east Europe composed of continuum of
Slavic languages)
- 1991-1995: Yugoslav War
- originally involved Yugoslavia vs Slovenes
- bloodier, longer fight between Yugoslav Army and Serbs vs Croats
- later fighting was Serbs vs Croats vs Bosniaks
- 1989-- 500th anniversary of Battle of Kosovo Polje
- conflict in Kosovo
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