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Lecture 13

SLAVC 90 Lecture 13: Croatian Culture


Department
Slavic
Course Code
SLAVC 90
Professor
Roman Koropeckyj
Lecture
13

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Slavic 90
Lecture 13: Croatian Culture
- narcissism of small differences (Freudian concept) between Serbs and Croats
- push and pull of federation vs centralization in Yugoslavia
- Croats wanted federation of south Slavic peoples, each equal entities
- Serbs wanted to recreate a greater Serbia, wanted Serbia to dominate Yugoslavia
- informed by Croat notion of self in history-- fragmented
- linguistic differences: Polish stress second to last syllable; Czech stress first, Serbo-Croatian
stresses first syllable (antepenultimate in three plus syllable words, penultimate in two
syllable words)
- Zagreb located in far north, historically was part of southern Habsburg empire
- architecture has domes, etc that are characteristic of Habsburg empire and western
influence (as opposed to Turkic or Ottoman in other parts of Balkans)
- Croatia celebrates a few holidays of independence/victory from Serbs and Yugoslavia
- Croat flag has checkerboard that harkens back to time of Ustase and atrocities committed;
disliked by Serbs
- difficult to pinpoint one unifying national myth, again relates to fragmented nature of
Croats
- 1843-- Croat nobility addressed Sabor (parliament) in Serbo-Croatian language for the first
time (previously used Latin, lingua franca of Hungarian state until 1840s) and spoke about
inability to pinpoint any semblance of Croat national identity
- “reliquiae reliquiarum” -- remnants of remnants of the great kingdom of Croatia (flourished
eleventh and twelfth centuries, then became part of other larger entities); tension between
fragmentarianists and unity (in and of itself or as part of larger entity)
- Serbo-Croatian was put together and standardized by Serb Vuk Karadzic, based on
Stokavian dialect (two other dialects exist only in Croatia, another degree of fragmentation)
- Croatia caught between east and west Christian worlds
- tenth to twelfth centuries-- medieval kingdom in Croatia (king Tomislav)
- from beginning of tenth century, Magyars from Asia settled in Hungarian plain (Pannonia),
split south and west Slavs
- 1102-- Croats ask Hungarian king to be their monarch; Croats become part of Hungarian
empire
- from 1102, relationship between Hungary and Croatia complex (made more complex by
Habsburgs)
- Hungary from beginning a multi-ethnic state
- 1840s saw rise of romantic nationalism, desire for every people to have own state
- 1848-9-- Hungarian uprising against Habsburgs, Croats helped to defeat Hungarians
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