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Lecture 14

SLAVC 90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Srebrenica Massacre, Flag Of Europe, Patina

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Roman Koropeckyj

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Slavic 90
Lecture 14: Bosnian Culture
- used Arabic during Ottoman rule
- on edge of Ottoman empire, more tolerant form of Islam practiced (St. George’s Day
celebrated despite not being Islamic holiday)
- post-Yugoslav Wars, increased interest from Saudi interests, which has led to radicalization
of Islam in Bosnia
- Bosnia is in north, Herzegovina in south
- Sarajevo (sara- is Turkic word, palace)
- bulwark of Islam in eyes of Ottomans
- briefly a protectorate of Habsburg empire
- Tito gave Bosnia its own country, recognized Bosniaks as distinct nationality; before that,
just Muslim south Slavs
- flag shows that there are three groups within country, recalls EU flag, does not show that
there is any cohesive Bosnian identity
- Muslim populations concentrated in cities; cities tend to be more tolerant
- countryside has more ethnic enclaves
- Bosniaks always loyal to supranational idea of Yugoslavia as a federation
- hoped religious and ethnic differences would disappear under Tito and communism
- spring 1990-- Bosnia infected by spirit of nationalism which was making its way throughout
- three nationalist parties elected-- Serb (Karadzic), Croat (Tudman), Bosniak
- 1991-- war in Slavonia between Serbia and Croatia, Bosnia declared independence and
Bosnian Serbs declared secession
- 1992-- independent Bosnia and Herzegovina recognized by Germany; full-scale war begins
- 1992-1993-- near-constant bombardment of Bosnia by Serb cannons
- 1993-- Croats destroy historic Mostar bridge (acted as dividing line between Croat and
Bosniak populations)
- Mostar was inspiration for one of great Yugoslav novels, “Bridge Over Drina”
- to present day, Mostar heavily segregated between Catholic and Muslim
populations, no reconciliation after war
- Srebrenica massacre-- Karadzic and Vladic responsible for deaths of thousands of Bosniaks
- Bosniaks names reflect Slavic and Turkic/Muslim roots (Alija Izetbegovic, Mehmed
- under Tito, Bosnia considered narod of its own, but contained three different religions;
Bosnia only a political unit since WWII
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