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Lecture 17

SOCIOL 1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Labeling Theory, Edwin Sutherland

Course Code
Molly Jacobs

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Conceptualizations of Deviance
Statistical norms
Bell curve
96% of all people fall within 30 points of 100
68% of people score within 15 points of 100
Social norms
Deviance: action that does not conform to the norms or values held by most members of a group
or society
Sources of Norms
Local (or group) norms: those from our close friends or family
Subcultural norms: apply to large numbers of people who share some characteristic
Societal norms: norms dictated by society
Repercussions of deviant behavior depends on which type of norm an individual violates
We learn about norms and self-control through interaction
Social norms carry sanctions to promote conformity
Sanctions: a mode of reward or punishment that reinforces socially expected forms of behavior
Laws: rules of behavior established by political authority and backed by stated power
Characteristics of people used to discredit
Stigmatized groups vary over time and space
The categories of stigma can be based on violations of norms of abilities or appearance and may
include involuntary memberships
Durkheim and Merton - Anomie
The concept of anomie was first brought into usage by Emile Durkheim
Referred to a situation in which social norms lose their hold over individual behavior
Picked up by Robert Merton to refer to a state that reduces commitment to norms of the pursuit of
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