CFD 3240 Lecture 13: The Social Aspects

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Child and Family Development
CFD 3240

The Social Aspects of Young Children’s Physical Development • Running and playing with other children and adults assists young children in learning to: o Coordinate the movements of their own bodies with the movements of other people • For Example: o Social coordination of movement ▪ Being able to change directions while running in anticipation of another child’s movement o Reaction time ▪ Another important component of developing gross motor skills The Development of Personal and Family Life Skills • Advances in motor skills allow preschoolers to be more involved in self-care and simple household responsibilities • As early as age 3, with some help from parents, young children can perform certain self- help tasks o Examples: dressing themselves, picking up their toys, bathing, and brushing their teeth • Parents should take care that those responsibilities match their children’s developmental capabilities • It is also important to guide, and support their development of personal and family life skills Young Children’s Household Responsibilities in Traditional Cultures • In no industrialized societies/cultures, children participate more extensively in household work • In almost all cultures, young girls are more often assigned child care duties than are young boys Promoting Young Children’s Cognitive Development • Piaget: Preschooler egocentrism shows up in their inability to share their toys (inability to consider two perspectives at once – theirs & the other child’s) • Instead of scolding preschoolers for not sharing, parents might: o Be certain that each child has an identical toy o Distract one of the children an equally attractive toy • Piaget: Children sometimes think another child has more juice or lemonade if their glass is taller, even though their own glass is wider o Rather than expressing impatience with preschoolers, parents might be certain all glasses or cups are the same size Insights from Vygotsky • Parents’ guide their young children’s cognitive development by: o Presenting challenges for new learning o Offering assistance with difficult tasks o Providing instruction o Encouraging the preschooler’s interest and motivation An Indigenous Perspective Regarding Young Children’s Competency • Young children in indigenous cultures learn by observing and listening-in on activities of adults and other children o in anticipation of participation • This tradition, which is referred to as intent participation, is prominent in many indigenous American communities • Intent participation is a powerful form of fostering learning o It contributes to notable learning such as that accomplished by young children learning their first language The Role of Parents in Promoting Language Development • Live language during the early years is the single best predictor of language development and later academic achievement o TV and radio do not provide live language • Language development is enhanced when parents: o Continually engage their young children in verbal dial
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