CFD 3240 Lecture 2: Grandparent

3 Pages

Child and Family Development
Course Code
CFD 3240

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Grandparent–Grandchildren Relationships: Asia  74% of elderly in Asia still co-reside with their adult children  Far greater than in Europe (26%) & North America (19%)  Children who coreside their grandparents have higher academic performance o Long-term coresidence matters most. China: The “One-Child” Policy  Corresponds with the “4-2-1” style (four grandparents, two parents, and one child)  Parents in China are able to take for granted an abundance of assistance from grandparents  Typical form of assistance is child care, no matter where the grandparents live o When grandmothers don’t with adult children, they often travel to help out in times of need Grandparents Under the Challenges of HIV/AIDS, Kenya and South Africa  There are vast numbers of orphans whose parents have died of AIDS  Grandmothers caring for many grandchildren and great-grandchildren o Entirely on their own with little legal or economic support o Also cared for the parents of these children as they became ill and died Grandparents and Grandchildren in the United States  A substantial increase in the number of grandparents raising their grandchildren o More common in African American & Latino American communities ▪ Fits with commitment of families providing a safety net for children ▪ Kinship care in those families is an acceptable response of family member loss and separation  Among the concerns of custodial grandparents o Ensuring the safety of their grandchildren o Monitoring interactions between them and their parents The Importance and Quality of Intergenerational Relationships  The quality of the relationships of older parents and their children is reflected in: o How close they live to one another o The frequency of their interactions with each other o The degree to which they provide mutual aid to one another o The closeness or strength of feelings between them Factors Influencing Relationship Quality as Parents Grow Older  Age generally has a positive influence on intergenerational relationships o As adults grow older, they experience less conflict and greater closeness in relationships with children and parents  The gender of both older parents and their middle-aged children impacts intergenerational relations o There are more affectionate ties between mother and daughter than any other combination o There are less affectionate ties between son and father than any other combination o An important gender role that contributes to relationship quality across the generations is that of kinkeeper Ethnicity and Relationship Quality  The relationship quality of older parents and their adult children is influenced culture o Culture influences whether or not middle-aged and older parents will live
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