CFD 3250 Lecture 18: Background

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University of Central Missouri
Child and Family Development
CFD 3250
Victoria Voland

Background/History on Early Childhood Programs • When did we make the shift from children in the home and care out of the home? o Some of the shift started around 1940 o World War II – women went off to work when the men were called to war o After that women found more jobs in the workplace o In the 1960 only about 10% of children participated in preschool (Pre-K) programs o By 1970 that number had doubled • Why did we make the shift from children in the home and care out of the home? o More women are finding work fulltime o Trend toward smaller families o Growing appreciation for what quality early childhood programs can contribute to a child’s development o Ability and need to seek out early education experiences for their preschoolers • Child Care has become in a families’ daily routine • Children can spend more than 2000 hours a year in child care • This is more time than they spend in their “school years” – kindergarten until graduation • This helps us appreciate how important programing for young children is… • And how the experiences these children have an impact on their learning, growth and development. Why Are the Early Years Important? • Recent studies have shown land have been used to advance the public’s awareness of the importance of early care education. • Why? o Children’s brains are literally shaped by early experiences in their homes, in child care settings and in the community. o These early experiences influence the development of their brain structure and their lifelong learning potential o Quality programs have demonstrated to enhance children’s language, literacy and mathematic learning. o Not to mention their social and emotional development o These advantages last throughout their school careers o The economic benefits of investment in the quality programs weigh the cost o Special needs children and low income children benefit the most Why Are the Early Years Important? • As many as 49% of children live in low-income families • As many as 25% live in poverty • This burden is disproportional shoulder by minorities o 70% of African American o 70% American Indian o 67% of Hispanic o 30% of White o 30% of Asian • Children living in poverty are considered at risk children. • Why? o Pregnant moms are less likely to get prenatal care o Which leads to lower birth weight o Children are under nourished o May not be fully immunized o More likely to be homeless o Or live in unsafe environment
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